Learning outcomes of the course unit
At the end of the Course we expect the student to be able to know and understand the tools and the basic methodology to develop and use the own and specific concepts of hygiene in the prevention of infectious and non infectious diseases in hospital and non-hospital setting.
Among the competences acquired, students will be able to:
develop self-analysis of certain health risk factors, prevention strategies both individual and collective, and of interventions to promote the health and safety of health care workers and users.
Course contents summary
Basic concepts of Public Health, epidemiology and preventive Medicine
Blood transmissible infections
Health care-associated infections
The main aspects of environmental hygiene, with particular reference to the quality of water for human use and to the hygiene aspects of swimming pool.
Health and disease concepts
Epidemiology: definition and study areas. Causal and risk factors. Epidemiological metodology and overview of health demography. Data sources. Epidemiological measures, health indicators, rates and proportions (prevalence and incidence). Risk measures and causal relationship. Association. Epidemiological studies (outline).
General epidemiology of infectious disease: sources of infection, mode of transmission, channels of infections. Features favoring the spread of infections. Ways of infections onset in the population.
The levels of prevention (tertiary, secondary, primary prevention).
General prophylaxis of infectious diseases, notification, isolation, disinfection, sterilization, active and passive immunization, chemioprophylaxis.
Epidemiology and prevention of blood transmissible infections
HBV, HDV, HCV, HIV
General principles of epidemiology and prevention of not infectious diseases. Screening definition and main features of a screening test, sensitivity, specificity, predictive values. Screening campaigns.
Epidemiology and prevention of care-associated infections.
Drinking water. Quality-supply sources and possible ways of pollution; requisites of the water drinkability.
Hygiene aspects of swimming pools
Barbuti, Fara, Giammanco et al. Igiene Medicina Preventiva Sanità Pubblica . Edises (2014).
Signorelli C. Igiene e sanità pubblica. Secrets. domande e risposte. Editore SEU (2017).
Educational material provided by the teacher.
Frontal lessons with the use of informatic tools.
Assessment methods and criteria
The assessment of the achievement of the objectives of the course consists of an oral examination. Through questions about the contents of the course will be determined whether the student has achieved the goal of knowledge and understanding of the content and whether it is able to apply the knowledge acquired in the exercise of profession.