HYGIENE, OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE, AND
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Allow students to know and understand the tools and the main methodology to develop and use the own and specific concepts of hygiene in the prevention of infectious and non infectious diseases in hospital and non-hospital setting.
Allow students to know and understand the main principles of medicine and labor law deepening and analyzing these disciplines in relation to the employment
Among the competences acquired, students will be able to:
develop self-analysis of certain health risk factors, both individual and collective prevention strategies , and of interventions to promote the health and safety of health care workers and users.
-acquire autonomy to address the problems of the professional sphere, in both the public (USL and hospitals) and private sector (nursing homes, clinics), with the knowledge and competence to allow them to make the most appropriate choices for their career .
Course contents summary
The concepts of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine.
Epidemiology and prevention of infectious diseases with special reference to blood transmissible infections. The levels of prevention. The epidemiology and prevention of chronic degenerative diseases of social interest. Health Education. Environmental Hygiene
The Occupational Medicine in the regulatory system of prevention and safety at the workplace;
European and national regulations for safety and prevention in the workplace;
Responsibility of the employer, the manager, the person in charge of the worker;
Occupational hazards in the health field;
Chemical agents, safety data sheets, labeling, risk assessment, prevention of risks and occupational diseases, procedures and personal protective equipment and the environment;
Presence of physical agents, risk assessment, prevention and protection;
Presence of biological agents, risk assessment, prevention and protection;
Ergonomic risk and behavioral. Evaluation and Prevention.
The course will be divided into two parts: a first part of lessons will be devoted to the founding institutions of labor and labor law, such as sources, collective bargaining, the role and functions of trade unions; A second part will be directed to a closer look at the themes most closely linked to the employment contract: the duties and the parties' powers, the labor market and flexible labor contracts, the withdrawal and the protection of the rights of the subordinate worker. The lessons will, in particular, take into account the specificities of the health care sector, as well as any legislative changes that have occurred and also provide tools, doctrines and jurisprudence useful for interpreting the different institutions.
Determinants of health / disease
Definition of epidemiology
Fields of study of epidemiology
The measures in epidemiology
Epidemiological measures of risk
-the causal factors and risk factors
General epidemiology of infectious diseases:
-transmission of infection
-factors favoring the occurrence of infections
-mode of spread of infectious diseases in the population
-goals and methods of prevention
-levels of prevention: primary, secondary, tertiary
Prevention of infectious diseases
-discovery and inactivation of the sources of infection
-interruption of transmission chains
-immune-active and passive prevention
- pharmacology prevention
Prevention of blood transmissible infections
HBV, HDV, HCV, HIV
- Health promotion
- The strategies of health education
General prevention of non-infectious diseases of social interest
Health care-associated infections
- Drinking water: notes on the sources of supply,
pollution and water purification
- Hygiene aspects of swimming pools
Legislation on safety, health and protection in the workplace.
Occupational diseases and their prevention.
Work related diseases.
Work related stress.
Risk of upper limb overload, repetitive movements.
The evolution and sources of labor law The employment relationship
The employment contract
The employment relationship: the obligations, rights and powers of the parties
Time and place of work performance
The employment contracts of particular type
The right to strike and lockout
The termination of the employment relationship
The collective agreement
Barbuti, Fara, Giammanco et al. Igiene Medicina Preventiva Sanità Pubblica . Edises (2014)
Signorelli C. Igiene e sanità pubblica. Secrets. Domande e
risposte. Editore SEU (2017)
Lezioni di Medicina del Lavoro. ED.
R. DEL PUNTA, Diritto del lavoro, Giuffrè, Milano, 2017.
Sezione prima: cap. IV. La Costituzione. – cap. VI. Le fonti del diritto del lavoro.
Sezione seconda. cap. I. Organizzazione e azione sindacale. - cap. II. Sindacato e ordinamento giuridico. - cap. III. La contrattazione collettiva. - cap. V. Le relazioni sindacali in azienda.
Sezione quarta. cap. I. Il lavoro subordinato. - cap. II. Lavoro autonomo, coordinato, occasionale.
Sezione quinta. cap. I. L’accesso al lavoro. – cap. II. La struttura del rapporto di lavoro. – cap. III. Oggetto e luogo della prestazione di lavoro. - cap. IV. Il tempo della prestazione di lavoro. – cap. VI. Il potere disciplinare. - cap. VIII. La tutela della persona sul lavoro - cap. XI. L’estinzione del rapporto di lavoro
Sezione sesta. cap. I. Il lavoro a orario ridotto e flessibile. - cap. II. Il lavoro a termine. - cap. III. Il lavoro dei giovani. - cap. IV. Il lavoro “esterno”: §§ da 5 a 9.
Material provided by the teacher
A. Mutti, M. Corradi "Lezioni di Medicina del Lavoro", Nuova Editrice Berti
Assessment methods and criteria
Hygiene: the assessment of the achievement of the objectives of the course consists of an oral examination. Through questions about the contents of the course will be determined whether the student has achieved the goal of knowledge and understanding of the content and whether it is able to apply the knowledge acquired in the exercise of profession.
Occupational Medicine: written test