LEARNING OUTCOMES OF THE COURSE UNIT
The course is designed to give the student the fundamental knowledge of the general anatomy with special emphasis on the locomotor and central and peripherical nervous systems, with the aim of understanding functions and pathological deseases, with also cystogical and molecular knowledge.
COURSE CONTENTS SUMMARY
First lessons are concerned on the general cytological and hystological features of different apparati and systems which compose the human body. The second part of the course is the study in depth of scheleton system, joints and muscles with physiologic hints.
The third part of the course is about of central and peripherical nervous system with particular mention of motoric and sensitive systems. Last general lessons deal with the other apparati of human body.
Anatomia dell'Uomo 2° ed. (Ambrosi et al.) Ed. Edi-Ermes; Anatomia Umana (F.H. Martini) Ed. Edises P.
Anatomia dell'Apparato Locomotore (T. Barni) Ed. Edises P.
ASSESSMENT METHODS AND CRITERIA
The course is made by lectures with several slides and anatomical models, which can be avaible to the students in tutorials.
Surface Anatomy: head and neck, thorax, abdomen, limbs, pelvis.Locomotor SystemOverview of the Bones, Joints, Muscles.Axial : Skull, Spine, Thorax. temporo-mandibular joint, intervertebral joints, joints of the ribs. Muscles of the head and neck, Muscles of the back, Muscles of the abdomen wall, Muscles of the pelvic floor.Appendicular :The scapular girdle: bones, joints and muscles.Superior Limb: Clavicle, Scapula, Humerus, Radius, Ulna, Bones of the Hand. Joints: shoulder, elbow, wrist, hand. Muscles of the arm, Muscles of the wrist, Muscles of the fingers of the hand.Inferior Limb:Pelvis, Femur, Tibia, Fibula, Bones of the Foot. Joints: hip, knee, foot. Muscles of the pelvis, of the thigh, of the leg and the foot.SplancnologyOverview of the anatomy of the Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Digestive and Urogenital systems, with functional correlations.The Nervous System Gross anatomy and structure of the spinal cord and the brain-stem. The cerebellum: structure, afferent and efferent pathways. The thalamus and hypothalamus. The basal ganglia. The brain cortex: structure and areas. The motor and sensory pathways. Neuromuscular spindles and the proprioceptive system. Anatomical basis ofreflexes.Overview of the autonomic nervous system.Peripheral nervous System: the spinal nerves; the plexuses: cervical, brachial and lumbosacral (dorsal, ventral and collateral branches). The intercostal nerves. Dermatomery. Peripheral distribution of cranial nerves.