Learning outcomes of the course unit
Students are expected to know and to understand basic notions in psychophysics, psychology of perception and psychology of attention, in theri applications to radiology; to critically evaluate relevant literature; to communicate its contents; to update their competences using specialized literature.
Course contents summary
Introduction to applications of general psychology in radiology.
Introduction to the applications of general psychology to the generation, quality assessment, and usability of radiological images. The course will discuss elements of psychophysics, psychopysiology of sensory channels, psychology of perception, and visual cognitive neuroscience. Special attention will be paid to the literature on visual search in radiology.
Poste, B. (2016). Neuroscienze cognitive: l’essenziale. [limitatamente ai capitoli 1, 2 (leggere) e 3, 5, 6 e 9 (studiare)]. Trad italiana a cura di A. Sgoifo, N. Bruno e G. Zoccoli. Masson-Edra.
Bruno, N. (2016). Elementi di psicofisica. Available from the website of the instructor.
Assessment methods and criteria
Take-home open questions (50%) on one or two of the additional readings and a written exam (50%) on texts and lectures.
Biggs, A.T. e Mitroff, S.R. (2014). Improving the efficacy of security screening tasks: A review of visual search challenges and ways to mitigate their adverse effects. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 29(1), 1-7.
Brennan, P.C. et al (2007). Ambient lighting: effect of illumination on soft-copy viewing of radiographs of the wrist. American Journal of Roentgenology, 188, 177-188.
Drew, T. et al. (2013). What can you see in a single glance and how might this guide visual search in medical images? RadioGraphics, 33, 263-274.
Kompaniez-Dunigan, E. et al (2015). Adaptation and visual search in mammographic images. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 77, 1081-1087.
Nakashima, R. et al (2013). Visual search of experts in medical image reading: the effect of training, target prevalence, and expert knowledge. frontiers in PSYCHOLOGY, 4(166), 1-8.
Nodine, C.F. e Kundel, H.L. (1987). Using eye movements to study visual search and to improve tumor detection. Radiographics, 7, 1241-1250.
Pelli, D.G. D. G., & Farell, B. (2010). Psychophysical methods. In M. Bass, C. DeCusatis. J. Enoch, V. Lakshminarayanan. G. U, C. MacDonald, V. Mahajan & E. V. Stryland (Eds,), Handbook of Optics. Third Edition, Volume III: Vision and Vision Optics (3.1-3.12). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Wolfe, J.M. et al (2016) How do radiologists use the human search engine? Radiation protection dosimetry, 169, 1-8.