GENERAL AND APPLIED HYGIENE
Learning outcomes of the course unit
General and Applied Hygiene course aims to provide students with the basic knowledge to understand factors that may interact with the health of the individual and the community, and learn the meaning of prevention strategies.
Course contents summary
The course contents mainly concern the epidemiological and prevention aspects of infectious and chronic diseases. It is divided into a first general part in which the basic principles of epidemiology and prevention are defined, and then proceeds to analyze more specifically the various aspects and operational tools of these two areas. Particular attention, being health workers, is aimed at prevention measures to be taken in a hospital and care setting relative to biological risk.
Epidemiology and general prevention: concept of health and its determinants; epidemiology, data, descriptive and frequency measures (rates, incidence and prevalence), epidemiological studies, association measures. Prevention definition and intervention levels.
Epidemiology of infectious diseases: definition of infectious disease and host-parasite relationships; epidemiological chain, sources, reservoirs, routes of elimination and penetration, transmission, vehicles and vectors; appearance of infectious diseases in the population; general, direct, indirect, specific prevention; sterilization, disinfection and disinfestation.
Specific prevention: active and passive immunoprophylaxis. Vaccines, vaccination objectives, types of vaccines, vaccination strategies, Italian vaccination calendar; main vaccinations available for occupational risk categories. Passive immunoprophylaxis. Chemoprophylaxis (definition and characteristics).
Epidemiology and special prevention of some infections in relation to the transmission modalities: Influenza and tuberculosis (dropplets and dropplets-nuclei), Hepatitis A (fecal-oral), Hepatitis B and C, AIDS (parenteral)
Chronic degenerative diseases: only general concepts.
Biological risk: general concepts and its management. Health-care associated infections
C. Signorelli – Igiene e Sanità Pubblica - secrets domande e risposte 2017
Società Editrice Universo
Barbuti -Fara –Giammanco- Carducci- Coniglio - AAVV
Assessment methods and criteria
The exam consists of a multiple choice test. The student must demonstrate that he has acquired the general principles of epidemiology and disease prevention; particular attention is paid to the prevention of infections in the health-care sector.