ENVIRONMENTAL HYGIENE AND OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE
Learning outcomes of the course unit
To allow students to learn and understand the basic instruments and the methods to concretely elaborate and use the principal concepts of hygiene, occupational health and clinical pathology to prevent communicable and non-communicable diseases , health-related diseases and to evaluate their own professional activities from a legal and normative perspective.
In addition, the student, applying the acquired knowledge and understanding, should be able to –alone and in collaboration with other health professionals to:
-Contribute to prevent infective complications of patients health facilities are in charge of;
-Avoid physical risks related to professional activities;
-Interpret basic laboratory analysis to correctly assess radiologic exams that require contrast agent;
-Align his behaviors to the norms of professional deontology
Course contents summary
The student at the end of the course will demonstrate knowledge and understanding about :
Definition of health and determinants of health / disease. Epidemiological methodology : the main epidemiological measures , epidemiological studies (descriptive and analytical).Levels of prevention and applications. Epidemiology and prevention of infectious diseases. Prevention through notification, detection, diagnosis, isolation,disinfection, antisepsis and asepsis. The management of the risk of infection in health care and hospital infections. Active and passive immunoprophylaxis , the main types of vaccines. Vaccination strategies . The epidemiology and prevention of general non-infectious diseases with particular reference to the concept of secondary prevention and screening . The environmental hygiene with reference to the proper management of water resources and knowledge of the main environmental contaminants. Risk factors related to the working environment and diseases linked to their professional : prolonged fixed postures ; etiopathogenesis of regional musculoskeletal disorders : the manual handling of loads, mechanical vibrations.
The evaluation and interpretation of clinical laboratory data. Preparation of the patient. Processing and storage of biological materials. The blood count; blood coagulation; the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and lipoproteins, proteins. Diagnostic enzymes and enzymatic nitrogen compounds resulting from the catabolism of amino acids and purines.
Bilirubin and bilinogeni ; trace elements; hormones (pituitary , thyroid , adrenal, ovary, testis)Tumor markers ; urinalysis. Notions of law and the judiciary . The causality; The attribution of criminal responsibility and civil liability; professional liability. Crimes against life and limb
The disclosure of information : report , complaint ; professional secrecy; consensus.
The code of ethics.
The student also applying the knowledge and understanding gained, must be able , also collaborating with other professionals to :
- contribute to the prevention of infectious complications that can meet the patient load at health facilities to avoid situations of risk - related physical activity professional - interpret the main laboratory for proper radiological investigation that requires the administration of contrast media
- To align their behavior to respect the rules of professional ethics
G. Federici: Medicina di laboratorio – McGraw – Hill (ultima edizione)
Barbuti, Fara, Giammamco et al. “IGIENE” terza edizione, Monduzzi Editore, 2011.
Compendio di Medicina Legale-Macchiarelli-Fedia
Istituzioni di Medicina Legale-Piccini ED.Ambrosiana, Milano
Materiale fornito dal docente
Assessment methods and criteria
The assessment of the achievement of the objectives of the course will include in-course tests with multiple choice quiz. At the oral exam by questions regarding the contents of the course will be determined whether the student has achieved the goal of knowledge and understanding of the content and if it is able to apply the knowledge gained.