Learning outcomes of the course unit
Applying knowledge and understanding - By means of lectures and practical activities in the context of the course, the student will learn how to apply the acquired knowledge in a real design environment. In particular, the student will learn to: implement dynamic Web pages, implement Web applications, design and implement Web services, design and implement peer-to-peer applications, with particular attention to security issues.
Making Judgements - The student will be able understand and critically evaluate the main types of Internet technologies.
Communication Skills - By means of the lectures and the discussions with the teacher, the student will acquire the specific lexicon related to Internet technologies. It is expected that, at the end of the course, the student will be able to transmit, both in oral and written form, the main topics of the course, like ideas, engineering problems and related solutions.
Learning skills - The student that will attend the course will be able to improve its knowledge about Internet technologies, by autonomously referring to specialized books, scientific publications, also beyond the topics presented by the teacher during the lectures, in order to effectively face the entry into employment and undertake further training paths.
Course contents summary
2. Basic Web technologies
4. Service-oriented architectures
5. Peer-to-peer systems
1. Internet (4 hours) - 1.1. Network edge 1.2. Network core 1.3. Delay, loss and throughput 1.4. Protocol layers 1.5. Network services 1.6. History of the Internet.
2. Basic Web technologies (10 hours) - 2.1. HTTP 2.2. Apache HTTP Server 2.3. HTML, CSS, XML e JSON 2.4. Search engines 2.5. MVC.
4. Service-oriented architectures (8 hours) 4.1. General SOA concepts 4.2. SOAP services 4.3. RESTful services.
5. Peer-to-peer systems (8 hours) 5.1. Qualitative and quantitative characterization of P2P systems 5.2. Design issues of P2P systems 5.3. HM, DUM, DSM e LM models 5.4. HM-based peer-to-peer systems: SoulSeek, Napster, eMule, BitTorrent 5.5. DUM-based peer-to-peer systems: Gnutella, Mute, Freenet 5.6. DSM-based peer-to-peer systems: Kademlia, Chord 5.7. LM-based peer-to-peer systems: Skype.
6. Blockchain (6 hours) – 6.1. General principles of blockchains; 6.2. Transactions, example of Bitcoin; 6.3. Smart Contracts, example of Erthereum; 6.4. Consensus models: Proof of Work and Proof of Stake; 6.5. Ouroboros, Ouroboros Praos and Cardano; 6.6. Algorand; 6.7. Types of cyber-attacks against blockchains.
7. Basics of cryptography and authentication mechanisms (20 hours) - 7.1. General concepts of cybersecurity; 7.2. Symmetric-key algorithms; 7.3. Hash functions; 7.4. Public-key algorithms; 7.5. Digital signatures; 7.6. Key exchange 7.7. User authentication; 7.8. Transport-level security.
M. Amoretti, lecture notes in english.
J. Kurose, K. Ross, "Computer Networking: A Top Down Approach", ed. Addison-Wesley, 2012.
W. Stallings, "Cryptography and Network Security: Principles and Practice", 7th edition, 2017.
Teaching activities will be mostly performed in terms of lectures given by the teacher, showing slides and writing on the blackboard. Some hours will be devoted to the practice of software development. Teaching materials (including slides, lecture notes, source code, scientific articles) will be weekly uploaded on the Elly platform. To download teaching materials, on line subscription to the course is mandatory. Students that won't attend the lectures are invited to check the available teaching materials and recommendations provided by the teacher through the Elly platform.
Assessment methods and criteria
The learning evaluation consists of two moments: 1) a written exam lasting 3 hours, with open questions related to the theoretical topics of the course; 2) a software development project based on the technologies illustrated within the course; it is mandatory to write a short report and to make an oral presentation of the work done. The written exam is evaluated on a 0-30 scale. The project is evaluated on a 0-30 scale. The final grade is the average of the two partial grades. There will not be midterm exams.