Learning outcomes of the course unit
For the dentist professional the knowledge of neurological diseases becomes a topical part of the educational process. Epilepsies and stroke are basic pathologies as well as all the painful syndromes linked to the cranial nerves. Moreover, due to the increasing role of sleep medicine the new available treatment options in the dentist field (in particular mdandibular advancement devices) becomes a mandtory information for the student to better understand snoring and sleep apnea syndrome.
Solid bases of anatomy and physiology of the nervous system are required to approach neurologic disorders.
Course contents summary
Sleep apnea syndrome; Epilepsies; Coma; Acute cerebrovascular diseases; Pyramidal and extrapyramidal syndromes. Limbic system, memory, mirron neurons.
Sleep apnea syndrome: snoring, apneas, hypopneas, flow limitation, anatomical causes, metabolic, internal and neurological consequences of the disease. Therapies: weight, positional, CPAP / BiPAP, mandibular advancement device, surgery.
Epilepsies: Grand Mal - Petit Mal - Temporal absences - Febrile convulsions - Status epilepticus - Non-convulsive status - Nocturnal Epilepsy: Etiology - Predisposing factors - Treatment.
Coma: Definition and causes of coma - Classification - Semeiotics - Brain Death - Vegetative Status - Locked-in syndrome.
Acute cerebrovascular diseases (stroke): definition, causes, clinical manifestations, neuroimaging, therapies.
Pyramidal syndromes: First motoneurone - Second motoneurone - Muscle tone - Spastic paralysis - Plastic paralysis - Parkinson disease - Parkinsonian syndromes: Semeiology (bradykinesia, rigidity, resting tremor), causes, pathophysiology, therapy. role of the limbic system. Procedural and working memory. Anatomy and physiology of mirron neurons
The educational material shared during the lessons represent the core reference for the final examinatiion. The suggested textbook is Neurologia di Cambier, Masson, Masson, Dehen. Elsevier editore. Dodicesima edizione.
Fundamental anatomical and functional bases of the major neurological diseases with special attention focused on the student's dentist skills and perspectives.
Assessment methods and criteria
The final exam is based on closed questions (with multiple-choice answers) and open queestions (to explore the student's writing skills).
The theoretical notions of neurology are supplemented by practical exercises (Prof. Paola Torelli), while the psychiatric classes are carried out at specific times by Prof. Paolo Ossola.