Learning outcomes of the course unit
Provide students with the basic concepts on the rational use of dental biomaterials. In particular, student must possess an operative and detailed knowledge of the physical and chemical laws that are at the basis of the use of biomaterials. They must also know the principles of practical clinical use of materials in the different branches of dentistry.
Course contents summary
GENERAL CONCEPTS OF PHYSICS AND METALLURGY
Elasticity and Hooke's law. Individual forces and moments developed by steel wires in the three planes of space. Biofunctionality and biocompatibility. Solid body; stutture crystal; elementary cells, lattices. point defects, linear, extended. Metals and alloys. phase diagrams. noble alloys. alloys for removable dentures, for metal-ceramics. steels. titanium. alloys Ni-Ti shape memory. properties of alloys. elastic deformation. resilience. hardness. chemical and electrochemical corrosion in the oral cavity.
elastic and non-elastic. composition and properties of plaster, wax, zinc oxide and eugenol paste. variation of hardness with the method of polymeric materials the reaction. reproducibility of the detail of impression materials. Reversible and irreversible hydrocolloids. sodium alginate; composition, setting reaction and properties. agar and its properties, properties of impression materials: dimensional variation, reproducibility of detail, hardness, wettability, adhesion, tear strength, viscosity, viscoelasticity, elastic recovery, permanent deformation, thixotropy.
cements phosphoric acid calcium hydroxide cements, silicate cements, EBA cements. trioxide cements. -
gic glass ionomers. salification reaction. the resin-modified glass ionomers rmgic; mechanisms of polymerization and hardening the glass ionomer triple-reaction. the glassy materials filling. reinforcing cariostatic additives. microstructure and nanostructure. proton attack and fluoride release. dimensional variation, hardness, porosity, swelling in the mouth.
POLYMERS IN DENTISTRY
structure and general properties. properties of macromolecules. length, weight, and average size of a macromolecule. the macromolecule in solution and in the condensed state. amorphous and crystalline polymers. models of creep and viscoelasticity in the amorphous phase. mobility of macromolecules. stages of the polymerization. Polycondensation. polysulfides, silicones by condensation composition and reaction. Polyaddition. mechanisms of polyaddition. polivinilsilossani; polyethers; composition and reaction.
THERMOPLASTIC AND THERMOSETTING RESINS
polymethylmethacrylate. resins for dental implants. resins based on polymethylmethacrylate termopolimerizzabili, self-curing, polymerizable microwave. hardening reaction properties. resins for rebasing of dentures. Composite resins. nomenclature. composition.
based bisfenologlicidilmetacrilato. the reinforcing. Micro-filled composites. hybrid composites. curing mechanisms, self-activation; photoactivation. the system activator-initiator. polymerization by irradiation. the system camphorquinone-tertiary amine. degree of conversion polymer. Additive and subtractive combination.
Biocompatibility. The composition and function of the Extracellular Matrix. Bone physiology. Protein adsorption on biomaterials. Bone grafting materials. Bioceramics. Polymers. Metals. Titanium. Tissue engineering and scaffold. Hydrogels. Material functionalization.
G. SPOTO e A.A. VARI.: M. MATERIALI E TECNOLOGIE ODONTOSTOMATOLOGICHE. ED. ARIESDUE 2013
Lectures supplemented by discussion, to train students’ critical skills and to provide them with a knowledge of dental materials that can be useful in diagnosing and treat dental pathologies and thus assist to solve specific problems of professional dentists.
Assessment methods and criteria
Oral examination to ensure the quality and level of knowledge and understanding of the course content and the ability to apply the acquired knowledge to professional practice. The examination will also evaluate the quality of students’ participation in class.