HUMAN ANATOMY AND HISTOLOGY
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Knowledge and understanding
Knowledge of the structure and ultrastructure of the eukaryotic cells, functional compartimentalization, organization of the 4 fundamental tissues. Gross anatomy of the human body
Applying knowledge and understanding
This knowledge must be applied to the biomadical lab
Students are expected to be able to follow a morphology-based reasonement
Students are expected to use a proper technical language
Students are expected to be able to summarize a technical text
Course contents summary
cytology: cell structure and function
Hystology: glandular, connective, musclular and nervous tissues
Anatomy: macro and microscopic organization of organs and systems
General organization of the human body systems and devices. Anatomical Terminology. Anatomical planes.
Muscolo-skeletal apparatus: classification of bones, joints and muscles.
Cardiovascular system: general organization of small and large circulation, gross anatomy of the heart. Microscopic anatomy and ultrastructure of the myocardium, arteries, veins and capillaries.
Emo-lymphopoietic System: anatomical organization of bone marrow, thymus, spleen, lymph node.
Digestive system: general organization. Microscopic anatomy of the stomach, small intestine, colon, liver and pancreas.
Ultrastructure and immunocytochemistry of the gastric mucosa, the intestinal villus, the liver lobule. Histo-functional correlations.
Respiratory System: general organization of the upper and lower airways. Microscopic anatomy of the lung. Histo-functional correlations.
Urinary system: gross anatomy of the kidney, ureter and bladder. Renal vasculature. Structure and ultrastructure of the nephron. Histo-functional correlations.
Endocrine System: Histology and ultrastructural immunocytochemistry of the pituitary gland, thyroid, adrenal glands and endocrine pancreas. Histo-functional correlations.
Nervous system: general organization of the brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerve plexus. Immunocytochemistry of the neuron.
The biomolecules and the supramolecular complexes. The protoplasm: structure, energetics and functional aspects. The extracellular matrix: structure and function. The animal cell as chemical and physical environment. The cell organelles and apparati: morphological and functional aspects. The cell cycle and the mechanisms of cell replication. Basic knowledge on staminal cells and differentiated cells. Cell populations.
Somatic cells: morphological and functional aspects of the differentiated cytotypes. Germ cells. Tissues.
Anatomia Clinica (ed. Delfino) 2 edizione
Scandroglio: la cellula
class lectures. laboratories
Assessment methods and criteria