GENERAL AND APPLIED HYGIENE (INTERDISCIPLINARY)
Learning outcomes of the course unit
In line with the guidelines of the "Institute for International Medical Education (IIME), Task force for Assessment" and, at the national level, of the Schools of Medicine Presidents’ Permanent Conference, the objective for students is the knowledge and understanding of the main topics of hygiene and public health. At the end of the course the student must be able to frame the most important health and disease determinants in the field of transmissible and non-communicable diseases and in the context of surveillance activities with the aim of understanding the importance of protecting and promoting community health.
Semeiotic and Microbiology.
Course contents summary
The module "General and applied hygiene - interdisciplinary" is an integral part of the course HYGIENE, PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH POLICIES and covers general and specific aspects of hygiene and public health.
General framework of the epidemiology and prevention of infectious diseases with the deepening of the concepts of direct and indirect prophylaxis, vaccinoprophylaxis and chemoprophylaxis.
Role and importance of health and disease determinants; in particular, the module explores the epidemiology of diseases with high socio-economic impact and examines the modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors, the concepts of preventive medicine, predictive medicine, screening, health education and health promotion.
The module explores the issues of surveillance and control of specific health risks with particular reference to non-preventable communicable diseases with vaccines, food hygiene, healthcare-related infections (HCI) and antimicrobial resistance.
Epidemiology and General Prophylaxis of Infectious Diseases
Direct and indirect prophylaxis
Primary and secondary chemoprophylaxis.
Vaccinology. Vaccination plans and campaigns.
The determinants of health and disease.
Risk/protective factors related tolifestyles, with particular reference to physical activity, nutrition, alcohol and smoking.
Health promotion, communication, health education, Health Literacy, Empowerment and Advocacy.
Nutrition and food hygiene: food requirements, food consumption in Italy, malnutrition, overweight and obesity and effects on health.
Food safety: epidmeiologi and prevention of foodborne infections.
HACCP system and its applications.
Epidemiology and prevention of healthcare-associated infections and ntimicrobial resistance.
• Barbuti S, Bellelli E, Fara GM, Giammanco G. Igiene e medicina preventiva (4° ediz). Monduzzi, Bologna, 2014.
• Signorelli C: Igiene, epidemiologia e sanità pubblica (Secrets, VI EDIZIONE). SEU, Roma, 2017
Tarsitani G, Signorelli C, Mastroeni I. Igiene, Epidemiologia e Sanità Pubblica. 5000 Quesiti a scelta multipla (V EDIZIONE). SEU Roma, 2012
The course will be held through lectures to Students either in the classroom (“in presenza”) or in synchronous-streaming (“in telepresenza”) on the Teams platform. Therefore, the opportunity of Student/Teacher interaction will be preserved both face to face and remotely, by the simultaneous use of the Teams platform.
Lectures will be supported by slide presentations, which will be available to students on the Elly platform (https://elly.medicina.unipr.it).
Assessment methods and criteria
The module is an integral part of the course "Hygiene, public health and health policies"
The course includes a single final exam (written and oral)
The written test, 30 multiple choice quiz, will assess the knowledge and skills acquired by the students during the course. The oral exam will serve to verify the connection, learning, critical analysis and communication skills acquired by the students at the end of the course.
In case of the persistence of the health emergency, the exams will be conducted remotely, as follows:
remote oral questions, through the Teams platform (guide http://selma.unipr.it/).
Students with SLD / BSE must first contact Le Eli-che: support for students with disabilities, D.S.A., B.E.S. (https://sea.unipr.it/it/servizi/le-eli-che-supporto-studenti-con-disabil...)