Learning outcomes of the course unit
The main purpose of this course is to provide the theoretical bases of pathology related to the activity of the medical doctor as a general pratictioner and, at least in part, a specialist.
The main prerequisites are: knowledge of histology, anatomy and general pathology. In addition, the student must be up-to-date with the propaedeutical courses described in the teaching regulations of the degree course.
Course contents summary
To be aware of the pathological bases of the diseases in order to better understand the consequent diagnostic-therapeutic notions.
Regarding any disease, the medical student have to be aware of: definition, generalities, etiopathogenesis, main clinical aspects, gross pathology, histopathology, possible genetical bases and prognostic factors.
Thyroid pathology: thyroid goiter; thyroiditides (acute, Hashimoto, de Quervain, Riedel); Graves's disease; WHO classification of thyroid tumors; staging of thyroid tumors; papillary carcinoma and its variants; follicular neoplasms (adenoma and carcinoma); Hurthle-cell neoplasma (adenoma and carcinoma); anaplastic carcinoma; medullary carcinoma.
Soft tissue tumors and lesions: soft-tissue definitions and generalities; 2013 WHO classification of soft-tissue tumors (its basis and novelties, prognostic categories); adipocytic tumors (lipoma, liposarcomas); fibroblastic/myofibroblastic tumors (nodular fascitis and ita variants, fibrosarcomas); smooth-muscle tumors (leiomyosarcomas); skeletal muscle tumors (rhabdomyosarcomas); GIST; infantile tumors; the concept of indifferentiated sarcoma.
Bone tumors and lesions: definitions and generalities on the skeleton; 2013 WHO classification of bone tumors (its basis and novelties, prognostic categories); cartilaginous tumors (osteochondroma, enchondroma, chondrosarcomas); osteogenic tumors (osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma, osteosarcomas); aneurismal bone cyst; giant-cell tumor of bone; fibrous dysplasia; infantile tumors.
Robbins Basic Pathology, 10th Edition
Rubin's Pathology, 7e Clinicopathologic Foundations of Medicine
Scientific papers and other relevant material which could be suggested and/or distributed during the pathology lesson period.
An in-depth analysis of soft tissue and bone pathology is provided in the two ADE courses "Pathologic diagnostics of soft tissue tumors" and "Pathologic diagnostics of bone tumors", which will be given during the second semester of the academic year.
Theoretical and/or practical lessons.
Assessment methods and criteria
Achievement of learning outcomes will be verified by means of a final oral exam, whose score will be expressed in thirtieth; the minimal threshold to pass the exam will be 18/30, the best mark will be represented by 30/30 “cum laude”. By means of a series of questions touching a wide variety of topics treated during the course, the global level of knowledge and understanding of the theoretical and practical subjects, as well as the ability to logically think and connect related topics, will be verified.