HISTORY OF CONTEMPORARY PHILOSOPHY
Learning outcomes of the course unit
1. Knowledge of the basic problems developed by phenomenology. Knowledge of the phenomenological lexicon in order to promote the understanding of concept's historical development. Understanding of the most significant aspects of the phenomenological account of person also in relation with the contemporary bioethical debate.
2. Knowledge of the addressed issues and of the main methods used to develop them. Ability to understand the main thesis of phenomenology contextualizing them within the philosophical debate of the time and of the bioethical contemporary one.
3. Ability to write coherent paper using in a proper way the philosophical terminology.
4-5. Ability to grasp grounded connections among the analyzed positions also in an interdisciplinary way. Ability to argue for the supported thesis.
Course contents summary
The course consists of two parts:
1. The Basic Problems of Phenomenology
An introductory part is aimed to provide a general overview of the basic problems of phenomenology focusing on both the most significant theoretical-methodological aspects and on their contextualization within the contemporary and of the time philosophical debate.
2. Phenomenology and Person's Value
The monographic part is aimed to show how making use of the phenomenological method we are able to analyze the characteristics that identify the “person” and differ her/him both from inanimate objects and from the other living beings. Accordingly it emerges the moral dimension marking the person and it is rooted in the life-value awareness. This form of moral self-consciousness a useful resource in order to better understand the terms of contemporary bioethical debate in which the person account plays a primary role.
Philosophical Studies Students:
E. Husserl, Idee per una fenomenologia pura e per una filosofia fenomenologica, Libro Secondo. Ricerche fenomenologiche sopra la costituzione, Einaudi, Torino 2002, pp. 177-300: Sezione terza. La costituzione del mondo spirituale;
M. Scheler, Ordo amoris, Aracne, Roma 2010;
E. Lecaldano, Bioetica. Le scelte morali, Laterza, Roma-Bari 2005: capitolo I (La bioetica definita) oppure S. Natoli, U. Regina, V. Franciosi, G. Campanini, Bioetica e persona, Mattioli 1885, Parma 2009.
Educational Studies Students
1. R. De Monticelli, La conoscenza personale. Introduzione alla fenomenologia, Guerini, Milano 1998;
2. E. Husserl, Idee per una fenomenologia pura e per una filosofia fenomenologica. Libro secondo. Ricerche sopra la costituzione, Einaudi, Torino 2002, pp. 177-300: Sezione terza. La costituzione del mondo spirituale (§§ 48-64);
3. M. Scheler, Ordo Amoris, Aracne, Roma 2010.
Lectures. Reading, analysis and discussion of the authors' works.
Assessment methods and criteria
Philosophical Studies Students: oral examination.
The oral examination is aimed to verify: I) knowledge both of the topics presented during the course and of the recommended readings; II) the ability to contextualize issues within the historical-philosophical reference-horizon; III) the ability to clearly present the course's topics; 4) the ability to grasp similarities and differences between the analyzed thesis.
Educational Sciences Students:written exam