Learning outcomes of the course unit
At the end of the course we expect the student to
- have acquired new instruments and insights into modern Biotechnology principles and applications;
- be able to understand experimental procedures for in vitro and in vivo experiments in biotechnology;
- identify the best experimental procedure according to the case;
- interpret in terms of plant physiology and biochemistry the main genetic improvements
- critically read and understand scientific publications
Basic notions of Plant and animal biology, genetics and biochemistry.
Course contents summary
Modern Biotechnologies, “-omics” sciences and “System biology”
Whole genome study and Comparative genomics
Genetic, Molecular and chemical databases
Model organisms for Biotechnology studies - Arabidopsis thaliana L Heynn
In vitro colture and sterility
Synthetic growth media and plant hormones
Epigenetic variability and somaclonal variations
Preparation and culture of protoplasts
Haploid plants: androgenesis, ginogenesis
Ploidy: variation and phenotypic consequences, chimeric organisms
Triticaceae: T. aestivum and T. durum, evolution
Proteins of T. durum
Fruits without seeds, commercial fruits
Secondary metabolism in plants
Shikimic acid pathway
Plant alcaloids: characterisation, utilisation
Morphine: biosynthetic pathway, actions on humans
Terpenes and carotenoids, metabolic pathways and examples
Phenolic compounds, examples
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Plants, 2nd Edition
Bob B. Buchanan (Editor), Wilhelm Gruissem (Editor), Russell L. Jones (Editor)
Plant Physiology 4th Edition
by Frank Salisbury (Author), Cleon Ross (Author)
Wadsworth Publishing Company
Biology of Plants
Peter H. Raven, Ray F. Evert, Susan E. Eichhorn
W. H. Freeman
Plant Secondary Metabolism
Authors: Seigler, David S.
Plant Biotechnology and Agriculture , Prospects for the 21st Century
Edited by:Arie Altman and Paul Michael Hasegawa
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved
Plant Biotechnology for Health, From Secondary Metabolites to Molecular Farming
Authors: Alvarez, Maria Alejandra
Plant Breeding and Biotechnology
By Denis Murphy
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Frontal lessons will be either student-engaging within an active learning dialogue on specific topics or heuristics descriptions and explanations by the teacher on broader aspects of biotechnology.
For each topic under study many applicative examples will be provided and interactively discussed during the frontal lessons. When necessary the teacher will utilize computer aids such as programs and databases to show specific points of interest.
Power point slides used by the teacher during the lessons will be provided directly to the students weekly, when possible.
Moreover, scientific papers of relevance that are discussed during the lessons will be provided to the students ad pdf. files
Assessment methods and criteria
The oral examination is divide into three questions: the first is on the basics of modern biotechnologies, the second on the experimental and practical applications, the third on the secondary metabolism of plants.
Please attend the frontal lessons.