VETERINARY TOPOGRAPHIC ANATOMY
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Goal of the course is to transfer to the students practical concepts of Anatomy; in this way the students will have useful knowledges to confront the clinical and ispective subjects. So the concepts of Regional Anatomy and Visceral topography will be studied by means a theoretical study and then they will be investigated by means a practical study.
The final aim of the course is to make transparent the animal, so the bistoury and the modern diagnostic instruments could proceed safetly among the different anatomical structures.
1-KNOWLEDGE AND COMPRHENSION CAPACITY: at the end of the training activity the student must demonstrate to have accurate knowledge of applied anatomy, to organize and discuss about specific organs located within a cavity.
D2-CAPACITY TO APPLY KNOWLEDGE AND COMPREHENSION: at the end of the training activity the student will have to prove that he is able to project all deep structures on the body surface as if the surface of the animal body was transparent.
D3-AUTONOMY OF JUDGMENT: At the end of the training activity the student will be able to evaluate the ideal site where to carry out clinical or ispective examinations on the animal body.
D4-COMMUNICATION SKILLS: at the end of the training activity the student will have to demonstrate that he is able to express himself clearly with appropriate terms in the description of body regions and visceral topography.
D5-LEARNING CAPACITY: At the end of the training activity, the student will be able to independently learn topographical and visceral projection concepts based on new scientific knowledge regarding medical, surgical and ispective methodologies.
Previous course in Normal Veterinary Anatomy is compulsory.
Course contents summary
In the first part of the course will be treated arguments of Regional Anatomy, that are the regions of the domestic mammals body, in particular of carnivora, erbivora and pigs. The regions will be studied considering: limits, relations, layer relations, vascularization and innervation.
In the second part of the course, the topography of organs of different apparatuses of the species above mentioned will be treated. The topography, the relations with other organs and the superficial proiection on the animal body will be studied.
In the third part of the course basic knowledges of anatomy of birds, fishes, mollusca and crostacea will be furnished.
Finally concepts of functional neuroanatomy will be treated.
Merighi A.: "Anatomia applicata e Topografia
Popesko P.: “Atlante di Anatomia Topografica degli Animali Domestici"
Ed. Grasso & Edimediche,
Budras K.D. “Anatomy of Dog”
Boyd J.S. “Atlante a colori di Anatomia Clinica del Cane e del Gatto”
Done S.H.: Atlante di Anatomia Veterinaria” Ed. Utet
The course is divided in theoretical (60 hours) and practical (20 hours) activities.
During the practical activities the student hasin him disposition cadavera of carnivora, ruminants, pigs, hens and equine foetuses. The student has in him disposition parts of equine cadavera such as hands and feet. The aims of practical activities are:
to evaluate the morphology and the limits of the superficial regions;
to make a dissection of the different regions to evaluate their stratigraphy;
to make in evidence the vascularization and innervation of limbs;
to highlight the proiection areas of different organs in the body surface;
to make an opening of the different body cavities to evaluate in situ the topography of different organs.
The student can also use the anatomical preparation of the Anatomy Museum.
Assessment methods and criteria
Examination of expected learning outcomes from the various indicators is performed by oral final exam, although some of the expected learning outcomes will be tested, but not evaluated, during practical exercitation on animal cadavers. During the examination the student must describe the anatomical preparation of Anatomical Museum. The student must have good knowledges about the body division in regions and about the stratigraphy of different regions. The student must have good knowledges about the organization of different cavities and of the topography of organs. The student must have good knowledges about the proiection of different organs on the body surface. Finally the student must have basic knowledges about the birds and fishes anatomy and about applicate neuroanatomy.