INDUSTRIAL ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
LEARNING OUTCOMES OF THE COURSE UNIT
Knowledge: The course provides the bases of the various processes of industrial organic chemistry in their modern version, with particular reference to the chemical and catalytic mechanisms of different types of reactions in industrial organic synthesis and to the
industrial scale up of the most important intermediate products, in order to provide the conceptual tools for innovative activity in the field of research and industrial development.
Apply understanding , independence of judgment , communication skills : 1) treat the acquisition of a language formally correct 2) enhance the ability to express the content in a clear and straightforward 3) highlight the connections between different parts of the course and the courses already followed by students in previous years and this year, with particular attention to organic and metallorganic chemistry contents
The acquired knowledge and understanding of the concepts covered are verified by the oral examination during which the student must demonstrate an understanding of the chemical processes and to be able to compare and discuss independently and critically.
COURSE CONTENTS SUMMARY
Oxidation processes: how to use oxygen; hydrogen peroxide and others
simple oxidants; role of the metals; homogeneous and heterogeneous
catalysis of the oxidation processes of organic substrates; how to protect
products and materials from the harmful effect of oxygen; catalyst
Hydrogenation processes: use of hydrogen and hydride transfer in
homogeneous catalysis; asymmetric catalysis; use of hydrogen in
Halogenation processes: chlorination, oxychlorination and fluorination.
Oxidation-reduction processes (electrochemical): new technology in
electrochemical processes in organic solvents with particular regard to
the duplication of acrylonitrile; techniques of oxidation and reduction with
chemical reagents that revert to the initial oxidation state
electrochemically. Carbonylation processes: metal carbonyls; catalysis of the introduction of
carbon monoxide into organic substrates to form aldehydes, ketons,
acids and esters. Carboxylation processes: direct introduction of carbon dioxide into
organic molecules. Formation of C-C bond processes: catalysis of cyanation, dimerization,
oligomerization and metathesis of unsaturated substrates.
K. Weissermel, H.-J. Arpe, Industrial Organic Chemistry, Wiley-VCH,
Weinheim, 4th ed., 2003.
G.P. Chiusoli, P.M. Maitlis, Metal-catalysis in Industrial Organic Processes,
RSC Publishing, 2008.
J. Hagen, Industrial Catalysis, Wiley-VCH, 1999.
P.W.N.M. van Leeuwen, Homogeneous Catalysis, Kluwer Academic
Publishers, 2004. G.C. Bond, Heterogeneous Catalysis, Oxford University Press, 1987.
ASSESSMENT METHODS AND CRITERIA
Oral exam .
The acquired knowledge and understanding of the concepts are verified by an oral examination, during which the student must demonstrate
1) to have studied and understood the industrial chemical processes
2) to be able to compare and discuss independently and critically the processes: for e.g. new and older processes
3) to use a correct language to describe the processes
4) to be able to find connections between the contents of other courses: for e.g. to explain the reaction mechanism of an industrial process using the skills acquired in the Organometallic course
Oral lessons and ppt presentations