The course deals with marine paleoecology and its objective is to show how fossils can be used for paleoenviromental reconstruction at level of individual, population and community.
Course contents summary
- Introduction (definitions and subdivision of paleoecology; relationships between ecology and paleoecology);
- Basic concepts of ecology and the marine ecosystem (physical environments, life modes and trophic strategies of marine organisms);
- Environmental control on organism distribution in the marine environments;
- Taxonomic uniformism and functional morphology;
- Fossils as environmental indicators;
- Paleoecologic reconstruction at population and community levels;
- Quantitative analysis of fossils assemblages
- Practicals: 1) analysis at microscope of foraminiferal assemblages indicative of different marine paleoenvironments; 2) examples of paleoenviromental/paleoceanographic and paleoclimatic reconstructions based on fossil foraminiferal assemblages.
1)Brenchley P.J. & Harper D.A.T., 1998. Palaeoecology: ecosystem,
environments and evolution. Chapman & Hall.
2)Goldring R., 1991. Fossils in the field. Information potential and
analysis. Longman Scientific &Technical.
3)Raffi S. & Serpagli E., 1993. Introduzione alla Paleontologia. Utet.
4)Murray J.W., 1993. Ecology and paleoecology of benthic foraminifera.
Longman Scientific &Technical.
5)Murray J., 2006. Ecology and Applications of benthic foraminifera.
Cambridge University Press.
6)Pinet P.R., 2006. Invitation to Oceanography. Jones & Bartlett.
7)Odum E.P., 1988. Basi di Ecologia. Piccin Editore.