Equine physiology (B)
Learning outcomes of the course unit
to develop an understanding og the general physiological principles associated with the function of the different body systems in the horse
Course contents summary
Physiology of the cardiovascular system- Functional organization of the cardiovascular system. Blood vessel characteristics. Structure and function of the heart . Eletrical activity of the heart. The cardiac cycle. Blood circulation and cardiac activity. Cardiovascular responses to exercise.
Physiology of respiration- Overview of respiratoty function: ventilation of the lung. Gas exchange. Gas transport in the blood. Respiratory adaptations to exercise.
Digestive physiology- Overview of digestive function and its control. Pregastric digestion. Gastric function: secretion and motility. Pancreatic juice. Role and composition of bile. Chemical digestion and absorption in the intestine. Intestinal motility and its contrl. Fermentative digestion in the large intestine.
Regulation of body temperature- Thermal homeostasis. Thermoregulatory mechanisms. Heat loss in the athletic horse.
L. Sherwood, H.Klandorf, P.Yancey "Fisiologia degli animali", ed. Zanichelli
J.G. Cunningham "Manuale di Fisiologia Veterinaria", Antonio Delfino Editore
O.V. Sjaastad, K. Hove, O.Sand "Physiology of domestic animals", Scandinavian Veterinary Press.