ECONOMICS OF PUBLIC ENTITIES
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The aim of the course is to identify the characteristics of management, organization and economic measurement of all the establishments that provide services without economic exchange, starting with identification of the business characteristics of public administrations and their autonomy in the public system. The intention of the course is to provide reference outlines for understanding the decision-making methods of political and technical bodies. The course examines the main processes of change that over recent years have characterized the whole Italian public administration, the consequences on the activities carried out and on the satisfaction of needs. The course also deals with the topics of assessment and financing of public entities, as reference criteria for understanding the reforms of the public sector. The course will also consider non-profit concerns, a significant phenomenon of the current economic situation, in their relations with public entities. The course aims to describe the fundamental characteristics of the
functioning of an organization. Identifies the elements of an organizational system and deepen the various organizational case. It analyzes the theme of organizational change because of the constant need to adapt the organization to the changing needs of the environment and institutional purposes.
The course thus achieves the following education aims:
I) Knowledge and understanding. Knowledge of decision and management processes inside public entities, comprehension of public entities measurement systems, identification of particular changing process and connected criticalities. Knowledge of organizations’ systemic analysis and specific elements, knowledge of organizational integration and types of organizational structure. Knowledge of organizational planning.
II) Applying knowledge and understanding. At the end of the class, the student should be able to understand the different kinds of public entities and organizational structures and to recognize the various criticalities in the changing process. The student will be able to understand the essentials of a public balance sheet and to describe all an organization’s elements.
III) Making judgements. The student will be able to analyze the main characteristic of decision process in public entities and defining the main elements of an organization.
IV) Communication skills. The students will be able to speak correctly with public managers and to express properly about organizational models
V) Learning skills. The student will be able to understand in depth the analysis and planning process in public entities.
Course contents summary
The course will go into the following aspects in depth:
1. Definition of public entity
2. The system of Public Entities: the public sector and levels of government
3. The Autonomy model: organizational autonomy and financial autonomy
4. The concept of cost-effectiveness
5. Financing: criteria and methods of transfer
6. The process of change in public administrations
7. Public management
8. Programming and control
9. Public businesses
10. Non-profit concerns
11. Accounting of Public Bodies: basic elements. Furthermore, with reference to the program of business organization:
Program Course Description:
1. key features of a business organization;
2. human behavior within organizations;
3. The individual actors (preferences, knowledge, perceptions, motivations, decisions);
4. the organizational culture;
5. the power and leadership;
6. groups of people and group dynamics;
7. organizational types;
8. Organization and stakeholders;
9. design the organization;
10. interorganizational networks;
11. organization and governance;
12. organizing for innovation and change.
Zangrandi A., Economia delle aziende pubbliche, Milano, Egea (Last available edition)
Jones G.R., Teoria, progettazione e cambiamento, Milano, Egea (Last available edition), (Capp. from 1 to 10)
Lectures and case discussions
Assessment methods and criteria
a) To assess "knowledge and understanding": open questions related to
b) To assess applying "knowledge and understanding": open questions
related to case study
c) To assess "making judgements": questions about the assessment of facts related to the processes of change taking place in public companies d) The ability to communicate with the “appropriate technical language” will be assessed in the whole context of the examination