PRINCIPLES OF PROPRIOCEPTIVE NEUROMUSCULAR FACILITATION APPROACH
Learning outcomes of the course unit
PNF - Proprioceptive Neuromuscolar Facilitation, is a philosophy and a concept of treatment. It was born in USA in the 40s thank to Dr. Kabat and the physiotherapist Maggie Knott, from Australia. PNF is a rehabilitation approach recognized internationally, certified by an association who protects the teaching standards and the integration with the latest scientific researches. The objectives in University setting are to lead the students towards this approach, to get acquainted with his philosophy and basic principles, techniques and patterns most used in rehabilitation areas.
Course contents summary
Philosophy: To know how PNF was born and what are the neurophysiological researches who helped to develop this concept. The evolution of PNF to a holistic concept for the treatment of a wide range of
activity limitations and diagnoses.
Basic Principles: The participants will be able to name and apply the extero- and proprioceptive stimuli which are used in PNF and applied on patients. To describe the neurophysiologic effects of each stimulus. To explain irradiation, resistance, timing and body mechanics in relation to motor control and its purpose of use in the therapy.
PNF-Patterns: Introduction into PNF Patterns and their characteristics (diagonal, three dimensional
PNF-Techniques: Their definition and procedures.
Mat activities: Are all the activities to consent the patient to move from supine/prone to sitting and viceversa. The student will be able to facilitate the patient both during the phases of stabilization and movement, performing a progression adapted to the patient needs.
Gait: The students will be able to describe different phases of gait, to facilitate stance and swing phase, weight shifts, walking forward and stairs.
P.N.F. in practice -4th Edition. Adler, Beckers, Buck. Springer
Lecture and practical applications
Assessment methods and criteria