Learning outcomes of the course unit
Knowledge of the fundamental properties of the biological
macromolecules, of the degradation and biosynthesis of the main classes
of biomolecules, the knowledge of the the mechanisms of biological
reaction and of their regulation, with particular attention to the
application of the fundamentals of the chemistry (i.g. reversible
reactions, redox potential, nucleophilic and electrophilic rections,
To have acquired the necessary knowledges in the basic courses in Physics, Mthematics
General Chemistry and Organic Chemistry
Course contents summary
Properties of biomolecules: nucleotides and nucleic acids, carbohydrates,
lipids, aminoacids and proteins. Structure and function of proteins.
Biological membranes. Enzyme catalysis and kinetics. Introduction to the
metabolism: coenzymes, high energy bonds, redox potentials.
Catabolism of glucose. Metabolism of glycogen. Gluconeogenesis.
Tricarboxilic acids cicle and related rections. Electron transport, oxidative
phosphorilation and respiratory control. Photosynthesis. Lipid
metabolism: Fatty acids oxidation, keton bodies, fatty acids biosynthesi,
cholesterol. Metabolim of aminoacids: transamination reactions, urea
cycle, PLP-dependent reactions. Nucleotides metabolism: ex-novo purines
and pyrimidine biosinthesis.
Voet, Voet, Pratt, Fundamentals of Biochemistry
Classroom lectures and guided problem solving
Assessment methods and criteria
written test to verify the knoledge of the main biochemical processes and the ability to apply theory to practical problems and real conditions; oral discussion to evaluate the logical ability to correlate the various biochemical processes