Learning outcomes of the course unit
At the end of the course, the Student must have acquired the anatomical, etiopathogenetic, instrumental and operational knowledge to carry out diagnosis, implement prevention protocols, set and carry out conservative therapy plans, both in "normal" and "at risk" patients of the hard tissues of the tooth that aim at the morphological, functional and aesthetic restoration and in respect of the health of the periodontal tissues and the function of the stomatognathic apparatus. In the same way he will have to know, diagnose and prevent diseases of the dental pulp.
Course contents summary
• Know the embryology, anatomy and physiology of the structures of the splancnocranium and, in particular, of the oral cavity, of the teeth and of the constituents of the stomato-gnatic apparatus;
• Know the ecosystem of the oral cavity and, in particular, the microorganisms of the mucobacterial plaque and their cariogenic role;
• Know the mechanisms of phlogosis (angio-phlogosis and histophlogosis) and of the local and systemic immune response;
• Know the fundamentals of inorganic chemistry: chemical bonds, solutions, oxide-reductions, acids and bases and of inorganic and biomolecular chemistry.
• Know the physical-chemical, product characteristics and methods of use and conservation, in line with international directives and standards, of dental materials used in conservative and endodontic treatment;
• Know the fundamentals of Mechanics, Dynamics, Thermodynamics, Rheology, Optics, Electrophysics, Radiation Physics, Radiation Protection Principles and Radiographic Technique;
• Know the principles of prophylaxis of infectious diseases and cross infections, of ergomomic disinfection and sterilization of the instruments;
• Know the principles of Pharmacology and Anesthesiology.
• Elements of Histology, Anatomy and Physiology of the Enamel and Pulpo-Dentin Organ.
• Elements of Anatomy of the Periodontium.
• Graphic designation of permanent and deciduous teeth.
• Dental eruption history.
• Shapes and function of teeth.
• Occlusal table.
• Intra-arch dental relationships and inter-arch relations.
• Etiopathogenesis, anatomo-clinical classification, prevention, dental caries diagnosis. *
• Complications of dental caries.
• Radiographic diagnosis of caries and m. Periodontal. *
• Execution and evaluation of intraoral X-rays and Bite Wing. * (No. 12)
• Diagnosis of pulpitis, necrosis, and regressive alterations of the dental pulp. *
• Registration of clinical data. * (6)
• Elements of periodontal semeiotics. *
• The clinical and instrumental examination for diagnosis in conservative dentistry and periodontology. * (No. 6)
• Elements of periodontal causal therapy: objectives and operational moments.
• Concepts of biological amplitude and lengthening of the clinical crown.
• Home oral hygiene and polishing: tools and techniques. *
• Designation of cavity surfaces, classification and preparation principles of Black and SI / STA Cavities. *
• Instruments for cavity preparation, (manual and rotating), characteristics, use, sterilization, conservation. *
• Principles and techniques of minimally invasive restoration. *
• Evolution of the principles, materials and techniques for pulpo-dentin protection.
• Etiopathogenesis and treatment of dentinal hypersensitivity. * (No. 3)
• Iatrogenic pulp damage.
• Anesthetic techniques in Conservative * (n. 12)
• Direct and indirect pulp hoods. (No. 6)
• Principles and techniques of enamel-dentin adhesion. * (n. 12)
• Features and techniques of use in preservation of ZOE cements, Zn oxyphosphate, calcium hydroxide, silver amalgam, gold, composite resins, compomers, glass ionomer cements. *
• Isolation of the operating field * (No. 12)
• Silver amalgam restorations: Cl. II. * (No. 2)
• Tools and techniques for condensation, modeling, finishing and polishing of restorations. *
• Complex restorations in silver amalgam, occlusal modeling and restoration of occlusal contacts.
• Restorations in composite resins: preparation, etching and bonding of the enamel-dentinal surfaces. * (No. 6)
• Composite resin restorations: groove and fissure sealing. Minimally invasive restorations. * (No. 6)
• Restorations in composite resins: treatment of cl. I, II, III, IV and V. * (n. 15)
• Tools and techniques of application, modeling, finishing and polishing of composite resin restorations. * (No. 15)
• Carious relapse in silver amalgam and composite resin restorations.
• Indirect composite resin restorations in the anterior sectors: veneers. *
• Indirect resin composite restorations in the posterior areas: inlays. * (No. 2)
• Shape and color in aesthetic restorations. *
• Intrinsic and extrinsic discoloration.
• Techniques, indications and limits of whitening of vital and non-vital teeth. * (No. 4)
• Notes on cohesive gold restorations and molten gold inlays.
• Relationships between the Conservative, Endodontics, Periodontology, Gnathology, Orthodontics and Oral Surgery.
• Historical evolution of principles and techniques in conservative dentistry.
• Periapical and periradicular lesions: histopathology, clinical and instrumental diagnosis.
• Conservative dentistry and systemic diseases.
• Conservative dentistry in patients at risk.
• Conservative dentistry in emergency treatment: coronal fractures without or with pulp exposure. *
• Biomechanics and restoration of endodontically treated teeth: fiber posts and direct composite resin abutments. * (No. 3)
Class lessons: the program themes will be discussed with the aid of slides. The proposed topics will be the subject of collective discussion and study on the basis of ideas and any questions raised during the lessons themselves.
Assessment methods and criteria
The achievement of the goals of the course is verified by an oral exam.
Answering questions about the contents of the course, the student will demonstrate whether he/she has achieved the goals of knowledge and understanding of the contents