Learning outcomes of the course unit
The program's goal is to give to the student the basic instruments to rationally
understand the fundamental processes of the organic and applied Chemistry even
in connection with the sustainable development.
Exam of General and Inorganic Chemistry
Course contents summary
The students will be first introduced to the basic theories of VSEPR and of the
valence bond for the description of organic molecules. Some basic concepts of
chemical thermodynamics and kinetics will be also reminded with particular
attention to 1st and 2nd order reactions, to chemical catalysis and to competitive
reactions. The concepts of nucleophile and electrophile will be compared with those
of Brønsted-Lowry and Lewis acid and base. The concepts of organic
stereochemistry will be described together with the stereochemical nomenclature
and properties of the stereoisomers with particular attention to biological and
A systematic survey of the structure, properties and reactivity of organic molecules,
divided by functional groups, will be undertaken. In particular this analysis will
include the following classes of organic compounds: Alkanes snd Cycloalkanes;
Alkenes and Alkynes; Alkyl halides; Alcohols, Ethers and Thiols; Benzenes and
Aromatic compounds; Amines; Ketones and Aldehydes; Carboxylic acids and their
Summary of the fundamental physico-chemical notions about thermochemistry,
thermodinamic and kinetic. Soft interactions. Covalent bond. Atomic electronic
configuration. Lewis structure. Ionic bond. Electronic structure and molecular shape.
sp3, sp2 and sp orbitals. Functional groups. Acids and bases. Bronsted-Lowry
theory. Lewis theory. Acid-base equilibrium. Alkanes and cycloalkanes. Isomeric
structures. Nomenclature. IUPAC system. Conformations. Physical properties.
Reactions. Alkenes. Structure. cis-trans and E-Z systems. Preparation. Natural
alkenes. Reactions. Alkynes. Structure. Nomenclature. Physical properties.
Preparation. Reactions. Dienes. Structure. Electrophilic addition. 1,2- and 1,4-
addition. Chyrality. Enantiomer classification. Fisher structure. Optical activity- R,S system. Enantiomers and diastereoisomers. Mesocompounds.
Resolution. Alcohols. structure. Nomenclature. Physical properties.
Preparation. Reactions. Alkyl halides. Structure. Nomenclature. Preparation.
Reactions with acids and nucleophyles. Nucleophylic substitution. SN1 and SN2.
Conversion of alcohols into alkyl halides. Substitution-Elimination reactions. Ethers
and epoxides. Structure. Preparation. Reactions. Aromatic compounds. Structure.
Aromaticity. Nomenclature. Electrophylic and nucleophylic aromatic substitution.
Aromatics preparation. Aldehydes and ketones. Structure and nomenclature.
preparation. Reactions. Carboxylic acids structure. Nomenclature. Acidity.
Preparation. Reactions. Acid derivatives. Idrolysys and reactions in general. Enolate
anions. Production. Aldol reactions. Malonic abd acetoacetic synthesis. Amines.
Structure and classification. Basicity. Preparation and reactions.
W. H. Brown, C. S. Foote, “Chimica organica” - EDISES
W. H. Brown "Introduzione alla chimica organica” - EDISES
Assessment methods and criteria