Learning outcomes of the course unit
-The knowledge of the mechanisms by which the human organism obtains and maintains the homeostasis at level of cell and tissue, the mechanisms of transport and communication and the basal metabolism.
-The knowledge of the functional mechanisms of the human body organs, the knowledge of their dynamic integration in apparatuses and the general mechanisms of functional control in normal conditions and in particular pathological conditions.
-The knowledge of the main functional reports in healthy humans.
Course contents summary
The first part of the course is focused on the mechanisms underlying the general functions of the cells as transports, electrical and chemical communication, mechanical activity, metabolism.
The second part of the course addresses question on the functions of the main apparatus and systems of the body as cardiovascular, pulmonary, renal, endocrine and nervous
1) physiology of the nervous system:
-Structure of the nervous cell.
-Synapse and receptors.
-Somaticsensation and its receptors.
-Organization of the somatosensory system.
-Organization of the motor system.
-Somatostopic organization of the motor and somatosensory cortex.
2) cardiovascular system:
-Rhythmicity, conduction, excitability of the heart.
-Elements of cardiac electrophysiology: membrane potential and action potential.
-Cardiac output and stroke volume.
-Intrinsic and extrinsic regulation of heart activity.
3) Respiratory system:
-The torax and respiratory muscles.
-Oxygen and CO2 blood transportation.
4) Urinary system:
-The kidney. Relation between morphology and function. Vascularization.
-Secretion and adsorption.
Anatomia dell'Uomo 2° ed. (Ambrosi et al.) Ed. Edi-Ermes;
Fisiologia dell’uomo, a cura di P.E. Di Prampero e A. Veicsteinas, Casa Editrice EDI-ERMES, Milano
Assessment methods and criteria