To provide both the phenomenology and the conceptual basis of modern physics, from elementary particles to condensed matter. To develop the ability to solve simple probblems applying the simplest classical, semiclassical or quantum approach, i the spirit of back-of-the-envelope calculations,
The course makes use of Classical Physics in the solution of simple problems. Working knowledge of mechanics, thermodynamics, electromagnetism and optics are necessary.
Course contents summary
Part I: nuclei, particles and atoms
Part II: molecules, condensed matter,
See the detailed content in the syllabus of the two parts.
1. Introduction, phenomenology of the nuclei.
2. Four experiments: Rutherford scattering, the proton, Chadwick and the neutron, Hofstadter and nuclear dimensions.
3. Binding energy, the drop model, the Yukawa model.
4. α,β,γ decays, transmutation, introduction to the nuclide chart, NMR, effetto Mössbauer.
5. The Fermi gas, Fermi distribution, identical particles and the Pauli principle, vector model of angular momentum addition.
6. Shell model, even-even, odd-oddo, even-odd and odd-even nuclei.