A student who has met the objectives of the course will be able to:
1. Knowledge and understanding
a) Identify whether a ray optics, a scalar wave optics, an electromagnetic wave optics, or a photon optics description is required in a given situation.
b) Describe the interaction between light and matter and explain the basic principles of a laser.
c) Describe the concept of interference and calculate the properties of different interferometric systems.
d) Explain the concept of polarization, describe several polarization states of light and how they can be generated and transformed.
e) Describe and calculate the propagation of light in simple optical waveguides in terms of modes, dispersion relation and effective index.
f) Explain the concepts of Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffraction and calculate the diffraction patterns of different apertures.
g) Describe how light is transferred at an interface of two materials, and through multilayer films.
2. Applying Knowledge and Understanding
a) Operate an Optical Spectrum Analyser (OSA).
b) Characterize properties of optical fibers.
c) Characterize the properties of light emitting diodes (LEDs).
d) Explain diffraction phenomena by experiments.
e) Characterize a Gaussian beam from a laser.
f) Implement subsystems for optical communication.
g) Plan, execute, document and evaluate the experiments.
h) Read and comprehension of the main concepts of a scientific paper in the field of Photonics.
Course contents summary
The course provides an introduction to both classical and modern optics and photonics. The aim is that the students obtain the knowledge of what is photonics and an understanding of what light is, how it interacts with matter, and how light is used in information communication technology. The focus of the lab activity is to introduce the student to important optical phenomena and practical optics instrumentation required for the investigation of these phenomena and characterization of optical devices.
B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics, second edition (Wiley, 2007). ISBN: 978-0-471-35832-9.
Lectures and laboratory exercises. Lessons will be given by the teacher on the blackboard as well as by multimedia presentations. Classroom exercises will be carried out in preparation of the exam. About 8 hours will be reserved for experimental laboratory activities.
Assessment methods and criteria
Evaluation of reports, presentation in front of the classroom, and oral examination at the end of the lesson period.
The educational material is available on google drive. Ask to the professor or to the students for the access.