Learning outcomes of the course unit
Students will acquire knowledge that will enable them to perform a complete neurological objective testing and to correctly interpret neurological signs and symptoms as either anatomically and functionally normal or pathological. They will also learn notions that will enable them to define syndromes related to pathological modifications of specific structures of the central, peripheral and autonomic nervous systems (e.g., pyramidal syndrome, extrapyramidal syndrome, etc.). The course will also enable students to get to know the major groups of neurological disorders (e.g. cerebrovascular disorders, infectious CNS disorders, etc.). For every single disorder of each group, specific information will be provided on epidemiological, clinical, pathophysiological, prognostic and therapeutic aspects.
Course contents summary
Principles of neurological localization. Main aspects of central and peripheral nervous system diseases
Semeiology of motor functions. Semeiology of sensory functions. Semeiology of cranial nerves. Semeiology of autonomic functions. Sleep and wake cycles. Cognitive functions. Neuropathophysiology. CSF testing and other diagnostic techniques in nervous disorders. Epilepsy. Headache and facial pain. Peripheral nerve disorders. Spinal compression – Syringomyelia – Vascular myelopathies. Demyelination disorders. Motoneurone disorders. Extrapyramidal disorders. Degenerative and inherited CNS disorders. Cerebrovascular disorders. Brain tumours. Head injuries. Infectious and/or transmissible disorders. Dementias. Neurological manifestations of systemic diseases. Muscular and neuromuscular-joint disorders. Use and usefulness of neuroradiological examinations in major neurological disorders.
Manzoni GC, Torelli P. Neurologia. Bologna, Casa Editrice Esculapio, 2012
Cambier, Masson, Dehen.
Neurologia. Elsevier-Masson. 2013
Up-front classes, small-group activities
Assessment methods and criteria