HUMAN SCIENCES CONTRIBUTION TO HEALTH CARE
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course is aimed, in the first part, to provide students with the tools and concepts of interpretation advanced for a theoretical study of the experience of illness as a strong understanding of the fracture biographical subject, examining the impact on daily life and social representations, in the sense both diachronic and synchronic.
In the second part, the course will provide an analysis of the philosophy of "caring", in the light of the interpretative categories provided by the sociological paradigms of health.
Finally, the course offers a monographic section dedicated to a theme strongly linked to any attempt of interpretation related assistance, or the act of empathy and empathy, with particular reference to the successful synthesis performed by the eminent philosopher who has devoted much of its theoretical speculation enthusiastic study of this theme: Edith Stein.
Course contents summary
The course is ideally divided into three parts:
1. Health, illness, care and culture: a reflection half between the time of history and the social-philosophical representation;
2. Sociocultural paradigms of health and care: good luck and decline (?) Of the biomedical paradigm;
3. Humanities and assistance: the "knot of empathy." The contribution of Edith Stein.
first series of lectures: "Health, disease, health and culture", in this part of the course will analyze the synchronic and diachronic aspects related to the social representations of illness. The second series of lectures will aim in particular the "socio-cultural paradigms of health", from antiquity to the present day. - The third part of the course, "Philosophy and assistance: the knot of empathy." This section focuses on the discussion of the concept of empathy, as well as historically categorized. Contemporary synthesis, in particular by Stein, will serve as a medium to possible application of the concept in science and assistance in particular.
Bertrand Russell, Storia della filosofia occidentale, Mondadori, 1984;
Guido Giarelli, Eleonora Venneri, Sociologia della salute e della medicina- Manuale per le professioni mediche, sanitarie e sociali, Franco Angeli, Milano 2009;
Roberto Sala, Etica e bioetica per linfermiere, Carocci, Roma, 2003;
Silvia Kanizsa, L’ascolto del malato in ospedale. Pedagogia relazionale in ospedale, Guerrini, 1988;
Corrado Viafora, Introduzione alla bioetica. Bioetica infermieristica, FrancoAngeli, 2006
Ernest Greenwood, Attributes of a profession", Social Work, 2, n. 3, luglio 1957;
Afaf Ibrahim Meleis, Theoretical Nursing. Development and Progress, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, marzo 2011 (REV);
Edith Stein, Zum Problem der Einfühlung, Halle 1917; trd. Italiana, Il problema dell’empatia, a cura di E. Costantini, ed. Studium, Roma 1985;
Angela Ales Bello, Edith Stein, ed. Piemme,2000;
Martin L. Hoffman, Empatia e sviluppo morale, il Mulino, Bologna 2008.
Lesson with participatory approach with the use of visual aids and classroom discussion with students.
Assessment methods and criteria
Oral exam. The learning will be assessed through a oral examination, tense to verify both the knowledge and understanding of the discipline and the ability to integrate knowledge for the application in the same Health and social contexts in general.