FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS OF CHEMISTRY FOR INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES AND NEW MATERIALS
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Knowledge and understanding:
At the end of the course the student will know about qualitative techniques in use today for the recognition of functional groups in the compounds, and for the chemical and structural characterization of the substances; he will know some synthetic routes for the formation of new materials for advanced technology applications.
Applying knowledge and understanding:
At the end of the course the student will have developed the ability to associate some chemical and physical characteristics of the substances, such as color, absorption of radiation, structure, with the presence of some specific groups within their composition. He will know how to identify certain functional groups with appropriate investigation techniques.
By the end of the course, the student will have the tools to choose and critically evaluate an analysis of materials.
By the end of the course, the student should be able to clearly present the experimental results of chemical analysis.
A solid background in chemistry is recommended.
Course contents summary
We recall some basic concepts of general chemistry such as the connection between the structure of matter and the chemical and physical properties.
Basic concepts of chemical bonding and intermolecular forces. Study of the solid state. The unit cell. Interaction between X rays and the crystal lattices. The X ray diffraction methodology as a technique for the investigation of materials. UV-visible spectroscopy, IR spectroscopy and mass spectroscopy. Fluorescence and phosphorescence.
Basic concepts of electrochemistry. Galvanic and electrolytic cells. Commercial cells. Accumulators. Lead accumulators. Lithium ions generators.
Synthesis, characterization and properties of polymeric materials. Polyaddition and polycondesation reactions.
Sol gel methodology in the synthesis of colloidal materials. Gel, xerogel and aerogel. Ceramics materials.
Nanomaterials and nanotechnologies. SEM, AFM and STM techniques.
W. F. Smith, J. Hashemi; Scienza e tecnologia dei materiali. Mc Graw-Hill
W. D. Callister, D. G. Rethwisch, Scienza e Ingegneria dei materiali. EdiSES
Slides provided by the professor.
Lectures using slides.
Assessment methods and criteria
The examination is based on a written examination. The evaluation is weighted as follows: theory questions 60% and communication ability 40%.
Attendance is recommended