VETERINARY MEDICAL CLINIC
Learning outcomes of the course unit
D1- KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDINGThe aim of the course is to enable the student to know and understand the essential elements for the management of differential diagnosis pathways for pigs and cattle in intensive herd (population medicine – herd health) as well as in pets. At the end of the training activity, thanks to the knowledge of physical examination, medical pathology, infectious diseases, clinical pathology, the student must demonstrate knowledge and understanding about(A) knowing and understanding which clinical methodologies and semiological investigations are applicable to the evaluation of a disease or syndrome in food producing animals and pets;(B) to know and understand the differential diagnosis of population medicine (herd health) in pig and bovine and in pets;C) to know, understand and remember the management of diagnostic findings with particular reference to therapeutic and prevention;(D) to know and understand diagnostic tools for the detection of subclinical disorders that may interfere with the health status of the animals being observed.D2- APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDINGAt the end of the training activity, the student must be able to(A) Perform a complete clinical examination with relevant referenceB) Carry out laboratory and instrumental collateral investigationsC) Apply appropriate therapy lines in relation to the clinical evaluation performedD) Managing the clinical problem of both the individual and the population (herd health), even in terms of preventionD3- MAKING JUDGMENTSAt the end of the training activity, the student must be able toA) To be able to critically evaluate instrumental and laboratory-oriented diagnosisB) To be able to analyze the diagnostic elements designed to frame a prognostic judgmentC) Know how to analyze a therapeutic and prophylactic planD) Know how to monitor a clinical situationD4-COMMUNICATION SKILLSAt the end of the training activity, the student must be able toA) To clearly know the results of a clinical case in an appropriate mannerB) Know how to communicate with the owner or driver of the animal about the clinical problemC) Know how to explain the clinical case to colleaguesD5- LEARING SKILLSAt the end of the training activity, the student must be able toA) Change your approach to the patient according to what was learnedB) Consult critical texts and workC) Possess mastery of self-assessment (self-assessment) methodologies and continuous self-assessment skills with critical attitude
Competences about internal medicine, physical examination, infectious diseases, pharmacology and toxicology
Course contents summary
The first part of the course is devoted to the population medicine of swine and cattle with particular emphasis on physical examination, general diagnostic approach and herd health management. The second block of lessons discusses about differential diagnosis of major syndromes affecting swine and cattle. The third part aims at presenting and discussing differential diagnosis in pets, mainly dog and cat.
Physical examination of swine and bovine herds. Bovine health management: metabolic disorders; nutritional diseases, rumen acidosis and alcalosis; nervous system diseases.; Mastitis and mammary gland disorders. Swine health management: reproductive disorders (infectious and non-infectious origin). Parvovirosis. Leptospirosis. Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS). Neonatal metabolic disorders. Neonatal and post-weaning Enteric disorders. Porcine Circovirus Associated Diseases (PCVD e PMWS). Porcine respiratory diseases complex. Enzootic pneumonia. Atrophic rhinitis. Swine flu. PRRS. Aujeszky’s disease. Swine dysentery. Neurologic disorders. Postpartum dysgalactia syndrome of sow.
Clinic of pets. Health management of puppies. Health management of old animals. Main infectious diseases of the dog and cat (FIV, FeLV, FIP, parvovirus, coronavirus). Diagnosis and differential diagnosis of: seizures vs syncope, pruritus and alopecia, congestive heart failure, dyspnoea and cough, vomiting and diarrhea, polyuria/polydipsia, icterus, paresis and ataxia, abdominal distension, weakness and exercise intolerance, polyphagia, anemia and hemorrhage, fever.
TILLEY L.P., SMITH F.W.K.: The 5 minute veterinary consult. Clinica Medica. Seconda ediz. UTET, 2007 BIRCHARD S.J., SHERDING R.G.: Saunders Manual of Small Animal Practice. Third edition. Saunders Elsevier,. BALLARINI G.: Malattie della vacca da latte ad alta produzione, Edagricole, Bologna, 1987.
MARTELLI P. et al. Le patologie del maiale, Le Point Veterinaire Italie, 2013.
B.E. Straw et al. Diseases of Swine. 10th Edition, Blackwel Publishing, 2011.
AA.VV. Le vaccinazioni in medicina veterinaria. 2003, Edagricole- Bologna.
The specific issues related to clinical differential diagnosis of the main syndromes of veterinary medicine species both in the individual clinic and population medicine will be discussed during the frontal classroom lessons. The teaching material (guiding contents for lectures as PowerPoint presentations) are preloaded on the Elly platform at the beginning of the course. The same material can be requested directly to the teacher. This teaching material for classroom presentations is not exhaustive and therefore needs to be supplemented with the lecturer's lecture lesson, as well as the suggested textbooks. The student is required to integrate the topics with the contents of the suggested texts.The course will be complemented by practical (practice) exercises based on the study of clinical cases directly in the Animal Teaching Hospital, based on problem solving, which are designed to provide the student with the opportunity to measure the acquired knowledge even in a time frame useful for purpose. In addition, more detailed seminars will be organized on specific subjects with prevalent relevance to practical application aspects.
Assessment methods and criteria
The assessment of the expected learning outcomes described by the indicators D1, D2 and D3 is based on an oral examination (oral question) consisting of three questions mainly focused on the critical discussion of clinical methodology, physical and clinical pathology. With the same questions, it will be ensured that the achievement of the objectives will enable the student to apply what is acquired in terms of knowledge. Each of the three questions has an equal weight for the mark definition that is expressed in thirty. The outcome of the test is communicated at the end of the examination. No partial or on-going (in itinere) tests are provided.
Monday to Friday: 8:30-10:30 am.