URBAN PLANNING IN THE CLASSICAL WORLD
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course aims to provide advanced training in the field of ancient topography. Training objective is the acquisition of a wide and qualified theoretical and practical knowledge of the latest research methodologies in relation to the topography of the classical world and high qualification in the field of the protection, conservation and enhancement of the archaeological heritage. Tools, objectives and methods of contemporary topographical research will be acquired by the maturation of humanistic skills and techniques related to the excavation, collection, processing and editing of data, surface reconnaissance, the cartographic bases and operating systems, preventive archeology. All of these skills will enable the achievement of a critical awareness of the scientific debate on the topography and the Greek and Roman ancient landscape, which will be known settlement programs, agricultural divisions, ramping water, road systems and infrastructure. The final objective will be the ability to decode the ancient landscape in all its components, identifying the semantic systems and coming, therefore, for the wise management of the contemporary landscape. The knowledge and learning skills acquired during the undergraduate program will be implemented through the delivery of specialized texts, including in foreign language, that will help develop and implement own ideas through the possible participation in initiatives aimed at knowledge of new paths research and mastery of the scientific debate on archaeological studies and disciplines applied to archeology. The student will be stressed, in this second level of study, a critical study of texts proposed for study, methodological approach to a more specialized towards the issues under study, the maturation of advanced skills related to the documentation and reading contexts archaeological, the appropriate communication of its powers, in coordination activities of small working groups, to a critical understanding of scientific texts specialized in foreign languages. It may, therefore, develop processing capabilities to enable it to continue, for the most part independently, studying archeology in a perspective linked, for example, a possible research activities or to further development of skills in the professional field research institutions and public and private institutions responsible for the protection and promotion of cultural heritage, namely universities, museums, archaeological superintendence, foundations, public and private institutions that govern the management of the landscape and managing excavation, archaeological teaching and museum exhibition.
Course contents summary
The course will examine the construction and operation of the ancient landscape as the coefficient of identity and consent in the Roman world. Of the integrated urban-rural will investigate the main factors of development and territorial control, or settlement programs, plans, agricultural divisions, ramping water, roads and infrastructure rationalization. The examination of the lymphatic system of the ancient landscape will see the contribution of humanistic skills and techniques required to professional archaeologist and surveyor for the collection, processing and editing of data: decoding of written sources and archaeological excavation, surface reconnaissance , cartographic bases and operating systems, card archaeological risk, preventive archeology, new technologies applied to cultural heritage, archeological documentalistica, e-archeology. Tools, objectives and methods of contemporary archaeological research will contribute ultimately to define the contribution of archaeological sciences to the management aware of the environment and the management of cultural heritage.
L. Quilici, S. Quilici Gigli, Introduzione alla topografia antica, Bologna 2004.
Misurare la terra. Centuriazione e coloni nel mondo romano. Catalogo della mostra (Modena 1983-1984), Modena 1983, pp. 71-165.
F. Guandalini, Le centuriazioni in Emilia Romagna, in Urbanizzazione delle campagne nell'Italia antica, Roma 2001, pp. 71-79.
Antichi paesaggi. Una proposta di valorizzazione della centuriazione romana in Emilia-Romagna, a cura di F. Lenzi, Bologna 2009, pp. 11-48. Viae publicae romanae. Catalogo della mostra (Roma 1991), Roma 1991, pp. 17-24 e pp. 33-35.
L. Quilici, Le strade dell’Emilia antica, in Orizzonti, 1, 2000, pp. 115-138.
A. Morigi, «. in un gomitolo di strade.». La formazione storica del paesaggio itinerario dell’alto appennino parmense, in Discipline del paesaggio. Un laboratorio per le scienze umane, a cura di G. Iacoli, Milano-Udine 2012, pp. 101-122.
La linea e la rete. Formazione storica del sistema stradale in Emilia Romagna, a cura di P.L. Dall’Aglio, I. Di Cocco, Milano 2006, pp. 47-82, 141-155, 213-222, 281-291, 305-309.
A. Morigi, Forum Popili: forma e urbanistica, in Cultura abitativa nella Cisalpina romana, 1. Forum Popili, a cura di A. Coralini, Firenze 2010, pp. 215-243.
A. Morigi, La città dentro la città. Le trasformazioni di Parma antica, in Storia di Parma, 2. Parma romana, a cura di D. Vera, Parma 2009, pp. 691-693.
A. Morigi, Sarsina e la valle del Savio: la forma della città e del territorio, in Storia di Sarsina, 1. L’età antica, a cura di A. Donati, Cesena 2008, pp. 38-62.
P.L. Dall’Aglio, Annotazioni storico-topografiche, in Monte Sorbo. La pieve singolare, a cura di M. Mengozzi, Cesena 2012, pp. 69-74.
G. Cera, Scali portuali nel sistema idroviario padano in epoca romana, in Agricoltura e commerci nell’Italia antica, Roma 1995, pp. 179-198.
Uomo acqua e paesaggio. Atti dell’incontro sul tema ‘Irreggimentazione delle acque e trasformazione del paesaggio antico’, Roma 1997, pp. 99- 142, 165-184, 193-212.
Tabula Peutingeriana. Le antiche vie del mondo (Biblioteca di Geographia Antiqua, 3), Firenze 2003, pp. 7-16, 53-66.
L. Quilici, S. Quilici Gigli, Esperienze di studio e rilevamento per la ricostruzione del paesaggio antico, in La forma della città e del territorio. Esperienze metodologiche e risultati a confronto. Atti dell’Incontro di studio (Santa Maria Capua Vetere 1998), Roma 1999, pp. 91-102.
Il mazzo delle carte. L’informatizzazione dell’archivio cartografico e aerofotografico dell’IBC, a cura di I. Di Cocco, S. Pezzoli, Bologna 2012, pp. 53-90.
Per la consultazione on-line della Tabula Peutingeriana si rimanda ai seguenti siti:
Program and bibliography will be given during the lessons and will be available on the portal of teaching www.lea.unipr.it, where they will be also published all materials and information about activities and initiatives planned during the semester, which will be automatically delivered via email to registered students.
The teaching method is appropriate to the specific needs of the discipline, which requires the transmission of the main contents of archaeological research through traditional lectures and examples of the most common tools to work through any practical applications, if supplemented by seminars in collaboration with the main regional museums. The work material requires the constant use of computer support, they can immediately transfer, on a visual level, the content in question. Students will be invited to interact with the main digital databases and to become familiar with the new technologies applied to cultural heritage, with particular attention to the e-archeology, the archaeological documentalistica, to geographic information systems, cartography archeology. At the end of the seminar discussion will be required for a given research topic during the lectures.
Assessment methods and criteria
The valuation method involves an oral preceded by any discussion seminars and tutorials on a specific research topic. Questions on the main lines of the scientific debate on the ancient topography will aim to test knowledge and skills on the ancient landscape, the Integrated urban-rural, settlement of programs, plans, agricultural divisions, ramping water, roads and infrastructure rationalization. The sufficiency will be considered to be verified if the acquisition of advanced knowledge and specialized research tools that can support the deep understanding of the system landscape and the management aware of the humanistic skills and techniques required in the professional role of the surveyor for the collection, processing and edition of the data. The score will be calculated based on the student's ability to demonstrate critical thinking and mastery in the treatment of written sources and archaeological explorations of the ancient landscape, the surface reconnaissance, the cartographic bases and operating systems, new technologies applied to cultural heritage, the documentalistica archaeological site, the e-archeology. The final score of the integrated will be calculated by averaging the scores achieved in the individual tests.