GEOCHEMISTRY OF WATER
Learning outcomes of the course unit
to furnish to the students knowledge and tools for learning and intepretation of chemical and isotope composition of the waters: from sampling to data interpretation.
Course contents summary
Concentration units. Italian and european water laws and regulations. Water composition and classification.
Analytical methods. Elements of thermodynamic: equilibria, saturation index, activity.
Weathering processes and activity diagram.
Isotope geochemistry: stable (18O/16O, 2H/1H, 34S/32S) e radiactive (3H) isotope.
Water speciation and calculation software (PHREEQCI).
Laboratory excercises on water software and/or analytical methods
Appelo C.A.J., Postma D. (1994, 2007) Geochemistry, Groundwater and Pollution. Balkema
Kehew A.E. (2001) Applied Chemical Hydrogeology. Prentice Hall
Langmuir D. (1997) Aqueous Environmental Chemistry. Prentice Hall
Clark I., Fritz P. (1997) Environmental Isotopes in Hydrogeology. Lewis
Sharp Z. (2007) Principles of Stable Isotope Geochemistry. Pearson Prentice Hall
Faure G. (1998) Principles and Application of Geochemistry. Prentice Hall
Venturelli G. (2003) Acque, Minerali e Ambiente. Pitagora
PHREEQCI: http://wwwbrr.cr.usgs.gov/projects/GWC_coupled/phreeqc/ (freeware)
frontal and laboratory lessons
Assessment methods and criteria