PHYSICS OF FUNDAMENTAL INTERACTIONS
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course has as its main objective the training to present the theoretical formulation and the main phenomenological implications of the physics of fundamental interactions between elementary entities.
In particular regard to the treatment of the electroweak interaction and of the strong interaction with particular reference to:
The discussion of the fundamental aspects of the theories, their wording and internal consistency
The ability to describe phenomena
The ability to calculate physical quantities
The comparison with the results of experiments
Course contents summary
Introduction: Quantum ElectroDynamics
The Lagrangian formulation of Quantum Electrodynamics
The 'Weak Interaction - The Fermi Theory of Beta Decay
The parity violation in weak interactions
The hypothesis of the intermediate bosons
The theory of Glashow-Weinberg-Salam
The renormalization of the Electroweak Theory
The Strong Interaction
The quark model and the parton model
The Lagrangian of Quantum Chromodynamics
The asymptotic freedom and confinement
The perturbative approach to Quantum Chromodynamics
The mechanism of Brout Englert Higgs and the masses of the intermediate bosons
The Standard Model of Fundamental Interactions SU(3)xSU(2)xU(1)
Advanced Quantum Mechanics J. J. Sakurai
The Quantum Vacuum - An Introduction to QED P. W. Milonni
Dynamics of the Standard Model J.F. Donogue, E. Golowich, B. L. Holstein
Lecture and discussion of some of the main scientific papers concerning the themes of the course.
Assessment methods and criteria
In order to pass the final exam the student will be required:
a sufficiently adequate understanding of the main aspects of the physics of fundamental interactions.
a sufficient familiarity with the main formal tools and the ability to understand the derivation and calculation of the main physical observables.
The ability to read and understand scientific articles on the most important topics of the course.