The aim of the course is to introduce basic models for a quantitative assessment of
- financial securities and credit instruments;
- future flows (originated by securities, production activities, a business in general, and so on);
- the structure of prices of fixed-income securities and of their yield.
Further, we examine briefly some models for managing assets bearing interest rate risk, as well as some mathematical models applied to problems inherent to the core topic of the degree course.
At the end of the course the student should be able to perform the basic quantitative assessment of financial securities and credit instruments, to compare prices of fixed-income securities and to describe a problem of choice based on financial criteria.
Although not compulsory, a basic knowledge of the contents of Calculus is recommended.
Course contents summary
Financial accrual, present value. The valuation of annuities. Mortgages.
Price and yield to maturity of bonds. The term structure of interest rates (spot rates and forward rates). The non-arbitrage valuation principle.
Net Present Value, Internal Rate of Return. Net Present Value and Economic Value Added.
Interest rate risk. Immunization.