METHODS OF HISTORICAL RESEARCH ON ARCHITECTURE
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The history of architecture is essential in the intellectual development and in the practise of architecture. The major aim of the course is to enable students to make judgment, to have an historical and bibliographic instruments to be able to analyse and understand movements, effects and protagonists (architects, artists, patrons, benefits, etc) of this fundamental period (first Dublin Descriptor). To achieve this aim it is necessary to always use multiple approaches and different methods of analysis observing the Unity of History (second Dublin Descriptor). Undergraduates should be able: to use the acquired knowledge to make personal and mature judgements (third Dublin Descriptor); to use the appropriate technical language (fourth Dublin Descriptor); to establish logical connections between topics; to read the complexity of architecture (fifth Dublin Descriptor).
Course contents summary
The History of Architecture and the unity of the History. Paul Veyne and Manfredo Tafuri: motivations and limits of the critique. The problem of the New States in the Italian Cinquecento
The consolidation of the Farnese Duchy. Cultural and artistic patronage of the Farnese family
The Farnese court: between the Medici and the Papal Rome. The Farnese gardens. The construction of the Pilotta Palace. Architectural interventions on the city. Urban ephemeral architecture. The collapse of the City Tower. Architects in Parma
M. Tafuri, Teorie e storia dell’architettura, Laterza Bari 1968 (prima ed.).
A. Bruschi, Bramante, Biblioteca Universale Laterza (ed. dal 1985)
B. Adorni, Giulio Romano architetto. Gli anni mantovani, Silvana editoriale Milano 2012
Teacher orientated lessons with slides and documentary films; possibility to visit museums and monumental sites; possibility of seminars with external experts.
Attendance is highly recommended because contents of the course are necessary to take for some following exams. Students unable to attend (with certificate reasons such as work) have to contact the teacher to agree on a proper bibliography.
Assessment methods and criteria
Oral examination. The first set of questions tends to evaluate the basic knowledge of the program and basic ability to establish logical connections between topics. The second set of questions check strictly the criticism, the correct use of the appropriate language (fourth Dublin Descriptor), the ability to establish logical connections between topics and of reading the complexity of architecture (fifth Dublin Descriptor).