Learning outcomes of the course unit
The students will learn about the organization of tissues and organs of the human body. This knowledge will allow them to better understand the subsequent classes of biochemistry, physiology, pathology and pharmacology. To achieve these objectives the student has acquired the basic knowledge of biology and genetics, with particular reference to the structure, function, reproduction and evolution of the eukaryotic cell animal
Course contents summary
The human body: concept of organ, apparatus and system.
Tissues: the epithelium of the skin, the glandular epithelia, the connective, the cartilage, the bone, the muscular (smooth, skeletal and cardiac) and the nervous tissue.
The tegument: microscopic anatomy of the skin and of the cutaneous elements.
The locomotion apparatus: general characteristics and classification of bones, articulations and muscle.
The cardiovascular apparatus: heart, the great and the small blood circulation. Structure of the arteries, veins and capillaries. Structure of the lymphatic circulation and lymphoid organs (lymph nodes, speen, etc.).
The digestive apparatus: oral cavity, tongue, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine. Associated glands: liver, pancreas. The peritoneum.
The respiratory apparatus: nose cavities, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs. The pleura.
The urinary apparatus: kidney and urinary tract.
The genital apparatus: morphology and structure of the masculine gonad (testicle) and of the female gonad (ovaio). Ovarian cycle. Decription of uterine tubes, uterus.
The endocrine apparatus: general characteristics and structural organization of endocrine glands (thyroid, parathyroid, hypophysis, epiphysis, adrenal glands, thymus, Langerhans islets).
The nervous system: organization of central nervous system and its components (spinal cord, encephalic trunk, cerebellum, diencephalon and telencephalon). Main ways of general sensitivity and of motor system. General organization of peripheral and autonomic nervous system.
Organs of sense: general notions of the anatomy of the ear and of the eye.
Martini, Timmons, Tallitsch:" Anatomia Umana". Edises
The course comprises 5 credits. During the classes, slides will be projected to fully illustrate all the topics of the Contents.
Assessment methods and criteria
There will be an oral examination with questions related to the topics discussed during the classes.