Learning outcomes of the course unit
Knowledge and understanding: the course is designed to give the students the methods for studying the morphological and functional organization of the human body at the different levels: the organs and the gross anatomy of the human body.
Applying knowledge and understanding: the student must recognize organs at the macro and microscopic level. Making judgements: the student must solve simple case studies.
Communication skills: the student must use technically sound terminology.
Learning skills: the student must be able to summarize a brief anatomical text.
Course contents summary
Organization of human body: terminology and body plans. Concept of organ, apparatus and system. Locomotion apparatus: general characteristics and classification of bones, joint and muscles. Blood and lymphatic vascular apparata. Morphology and structure of heart. General characteristics of pulmonary and systemic circulation. General characteristics of lymphatic circulation and lymphopoietic organs. Respiratory system, focused the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx, larynx (cartilages, articulations, ligaments and muscles), trachea, bronchi, lungs.
Digestive system: morphology and structure of oral cavity, tongue, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine. Associated glands: liver, pancreas.Urinary system: morphology and structure of kidney and urinary tract. Endocrine apparatus: general characteristics of structural organization of endocrine glands. Nervous system: organization of central nervous system and its components (spinal cord, encephalic trunk, cerebellum, diencephalon and telencephalon). Main ways of general sensitivity and of motor system. General organization of peripheral and autonomic nervous system. Ear. VIIIth cranial nerve. Auditory pathway, vestibular pathway.
General features about skeleton, skeletal muscles, joints, with particular reference to skull bones.Angiology: heart and systemic and pulmonary circulation. Lymphatic system: lymph nodes, thymus and spleen.General features of human body system:respiratory system (nose,larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs);digestive system (oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine, liver and pancreas);urogenital system;endocrine glands.General features about the central nervous system (encephalon and spinal cord) and peripheral nervous system (cranial and spinal nerves with particular reference to the facial and vestibulocochlear nerves).Cortico-spinal pathway and general sensory system. Auditory and vestibular apparatus. External ear. Tympanic cavity; auditory ossicles.Internal ear: bony labyrinth, membranous labyrinth, vestibule, saccule, utricle,semicircular ducts; cochlea and cochlear duct, spiral organ of Corti. Auditory and vestibular pathways.
Anatomia umana-Martini Timmons e Tallitsch-EdiSES
Anatomia dell'uomo-Ambrosi et al.-edi-ermes
Class lectures with the aid of anatomical patterns
Assessment methods and criteria
The check of the knowledge will be made by an oral exam at the end of the course, concerning the main topics of human anatomy with reference to respiratory system and auditory and vestibular apparatus.