Learning outcomes of the course unit
The trend of modern medicine to a loss of contact with the sick human body in favour of the efficiency of diagnostic performance, makes it essential the education of a physician with a solid and direct knowledge of the structural organization of the human body and its main applications for the diagnostic examination. The objective of the Course of Human Anatomy is to describe the systematic and regional anatomy of the human body in its macroscopic and microscopic aspects in the various periods of the lifespan, to describe the organogenesis and the various phases of the development, identifying the individual variabilities, give basic knowledge of anthropometry, give a methodological approach propedeutical to the clinical reasoning.
Knowledge and understanding.
Students need to learn the fundamentals of the structure and components of the anatomy of the different organs in the adult;
Applying knowledge and understanding
Students must use acquired knowledge to recognize gross anatomy and position of organs in dissection
Ability to reason about the correlation between structure and function of organs and systems.
Ability to understand and be understood in technical situations
Ability to summarize a scientific paper published in an anatomy journal and to write a simple scientific progress report
EXAMINATIONS OF HISTOLOGY AND OF ANATOMY OF THE MUSCOLO-SKELETAL SYSTEM
Course contents summary
Anatomy of cardio-vascular system, circulation and lymphatic vascular system, urinary system. Then practical experience on anatomical models and dissection of the heart.
Subsequent seminars and lectures are focused on regional anatomy of some areas of particular clinical interest: supra and infra hyoid regions of the neck, mediastinum, pleuro-pulmonary and costo-diafragmatic regions; regions of the abdomen; mammary region with particular reference to the structural organization of the gland and its lymphatic drainage; axillary region; perineum.
Cardio-vascular system: Embryology and organogenesis of the cardiovascular system; gross anatomy, histology and radiological anatomy of the heart; morfo-functional, cellular and molecular characteristics of the blood vessels (arteries, veins and capillaries); arteries and veins of the general and pulmonary circulation.
Lymphatic vascular system: mechanisms and topography of the lymphatic drainage; gross anatomy, histology and functional and molecular architecture of the blood-forming organs (Bone marrow) and primary and secondary lymphoid organs (Thymus, Spleen, Lymph nodes).
Urinary system: General organization and organogenesis; gross anatomy and histology of the kidney; cytology and molecular anatomy of the nephron; topography and structure of the ureter, bladder and urethra.
Regional anatomy of some areas of particular clinical interest: supra and infra hyoid regions of the neck, mediastinum, pleuro-pulmonary and costo-diafragmatic regions; regions of the abdomen; mammary region with particular reference to the structural organization of the gland and its lymphatic drainage; axillary region; perineum.
Human Anatomy (Anastasi et co.), Ed. EdiErmes;
Netter’s Atlas of Human Anatomy, Masson
Class lectures. Practical labs
Assessment methods and criteria
Frequency course. Please refer to the 2 year, 1 semester, as recalled below:
The assessment of the achievement of the objectives of the course consists of an oral examination. Through questions about the contents of the course will be determined whether the student has achieved the goal of knowledge and understanding of the content.
phase 1: identification and description of two microscopic preparations (slides);the student must recognize and describe both slides
phase 2: written test with 5 questions of multiple choice type, with 5 choices each. The student must give at least 15/25 correct answers.
phase 3: Final oral examination with the evaluation of the knowledge of topographical anatomy and neuroanatomy.
Phases are sequential as indicated.