Knowledge of physical exercise induced adjustments and adaptations: positive effects in healthy subjects, and in main non communicable diseases; contraindication to competition in sports; sports nutrition, hydration, and supplementation; training and competing effects in adverse environmental conditions; what kind of physical activity prescribe (type, intensity, duration, frequency) in clinical context and how administer it; doping history, WADA prohibited list, national and international rule, current legislation, penalities, controls, side and expected effects of drugs. He must be able to focus doping related problem in the present social and cultural context.
Physiology and biochemistry notions.
Course contents summary
Exercis positive effects in healthy subjects, and in main non communicable diseases; contraindication to competition in sports; sports nutrition, hydration, and supplementation; training and competing effects in adverse environmental conditions. Doping: WADA proibited list and related risk.
Tasks and functions of Sports Medicine; protection of competitive and non competitive sport activities, and physical activity promotion. Precompetition medical examination.
Altitude and heat illness; hydration, nutrition and supplementation. Exercise and cardiovascular risk: hypertension, diabetes, obesity, dyslipidemia, metabolic syndrome, sedentary. Sports anemia. Strain rabdomiolysis. Fatigue (overreaching e overtraining).
Drugs and sport. Drug prescription for sport setting. Doping: definition, history, motivation, related problems, scandal, risk, and sport activity protection. National and international rules. Antidoping: controls procedures, CONI and federation regulations, FMSI role, sanctions, current legislation limits. WADA prohibited list. Fight against doping: actions strategies.
D.R. Mottram: Farmaci e Sport. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana.
P. Zeppilli, V. Palmieri. Manuale di Medicina dello Sport e Pronto Soccorso. Ed. CESI.
Protocolli cardiologici per il giudizio di idoneità allo sport agonistico. Ed. CESI.
Dal Monte, M. Faina. La valutazione funzionale dell’atleta. Ed. UTET.
C. Macchi, R. Molino Lova, F. Cecchi. Attività motoria, fitness e salute nell'adulto e nell'anziano. NME e SEE Ed. Firenze 2007.