MICROBIOLOGY AND LABORATORY MEDICINE
Learning outcomes of the course unit
“Microbiology and Applied Laboratory Medicine” course is part of the integrated course “Laboratory Analysis applied to Sport”.
The course aims to provide the student with essential knowledge about the main characters of the principal etiologic agents of infectious diseases (viruses, bacteria, fungi, parasites), the possible transmission routes, laboratory diagnosis techniques, the immune prophylaxis and therapy. Furthermore, it will supply the ability of using the acquired knowledge and understanding as useful tools for a conscious approach to the infectious diseases.
Basic notions of Biology, Biochemistry, Physiology and general Microbiology.
Course contents summary
1 . V I R O L O G Y
Main biological, morphological and structural characteristics of viruses (notes)
Viral infection phases (notes)
Parenteral and faecal-oral way-transmitted infections; herpesvirus infections; respiratory and dermatological infections
2 . B A C T E R I O L O G Y
General characters of bacteria (notes)
Resident bacterial population and bacterial pathogenicity mechanisms (notes)
Main bacterial pathogens in humans
3 . M Y C O L O G Y
General characteristics of fungi (notes)
The fungal cell and the fungal colony; yeasts and filamentous fungi (notes)
Anti- fungal antibiotics;
Classification of mycoses; main human mycoses
4 . P A R A S I T O L O G Y
Main characteristics of protozoa and pluricellular parasites (notes);
Main blood and tissues, intestinal, uro-genital parasite protozoa;
Examples of pluricellular parasites of medical interest
5. TRANSMISSION ROUTES OF MICROBES AND VIRUSES
6. SPECIFIC PREVENTIVE MEASURES AND LABORATORY DIAGNOSIS OF VIRAL AND MICROBIAL INFECTIONS
Active and passive immunoprophylaxis
Notes about the main biological samples for the laboratory diagnosis of viral and microbial infections (bacteria, fungi, protozoa): sample collection, transport and storage.
Methods and principles for the laboratory diagnosis of virus and microbe infections :
nucleic acids detection
in vitro assays for drug sensitivity/ resistance
M. Bendinelli, C. Chezzi, G. Dettori, N. Manca, G. Morace, L. Polonelli, M.A. Tufano “Microbiologia Medica: gli agenti infettivi dell’uomo – biologia, azione patogena, laboratorio”. Virology; Bacteriology; Parasitology; Micology. Monduzzi Editore
Lectures accompanied by visual aids will be used to convey critical information on the topics relating to the course content
Assessment methods and criteria
Learning outcomes will be verified through an oral examination. Questions on the topics relating to the course content will aim to check the student’s knowledge and understanding in the field, in order to test his ability of applying the acquired knowledge to a conscious approach to the infectious diseases.
The examination results will contribute to the final evaluation of the integrated course.