Learning outcomes of the course unit
-The knowledge of the mechanisms by which the human organism obtains and maintains the homeostasis at level of cell and tissue, the mechanisms of transport and communication and the basal metabolism.
-The knowledge of the functional mechanisms of the human body organs, the knowledge of their dynamic integration in apparatuses and the general mechanisms of functional control in normal conditions and in particular pathological conditions.
-The knowledge of the main functional reports in healthy humans.
Knowledge of the Physiscs, Biochemistry and Anatomy of the human body.
Course contents summary
The first part of the course is focused on the mechanisms underlying the general functions of the cells as transports, electrical and chemical communication, mechanical activity, metabolism.
The second part of the course addresses question on the functions of the main apparatus of the body as cardiovascular, pulmonary, renal and endocrine
Properties and functions of cell membranes
Excitation, Conduction and Trasmission of the Nerve impulse
Muscle Excitation and Contraction.
Dynamics of the Peripheral Circulation.
Electrical Impulse Formation and Conduction of the Heart
The Cardiac Pump
Uptake and Delivery of the Respiratory Gases
Pulmonary Gas exchange
Mechanisms of Breathing
Control of Ventilation
Physiology of the Body Fluids
Regulation of the Osmolarity
Principle of action and endocrine control of the thyroid, adrenal gland, pancreatic and pituitary hormones.
Regulation of mineral metabolism.
suggested textbook: FISIOLOGIA, dalle molecole ai sistemi integrati.
E. Carbone, F. Cicirata, G. Aicardi.
W.J. Germann, C.L. Stanfield, FISIOLOGIA UMANA, Ed. EdiSES
Assessment methods and criteria
ORAL EXAM WITH MARKS AVERAGED WITH THOSE OF THE OTHER CLASSES OF THE COURSE TO CREATE A GPA