The students are expected to become able to:
- Identifying and describing the main deformation structures occurring in natural rocks;
- Analyzing their geometry and kinematics by stereographic projections;
- Placing deformation structures in the context of the main tectonic systems occurring on Earth;
- Having an introductory knowledge of some natural tectonic systems in contractional, extensional and strike-slip environments.
Course contents summary
1 – How rocks deform: stress, strain, deformation mechanisms and rheology;
2 – Brittle deformation structures: faults, joints, veins stylolites, fault-related folds;
3 – Ductule deformation structures: foliations and plastic folds;
4 – Geometric rappresentation and statistical analysis of the orientation of linear and planar geological elements by stereographic projections;
5 – Extensional tectonics, passive and divergent margins;
6 – Contractional tectonics, passive margin inversion and convergent margins;
7 – Strike-slip tectonics and transform margins;
8 - salt tectonics;
9 – Examples of natural tectonic systems.
Earth Structure, second edition, Ben Van Der Pluijm e Stephen Marshak. Norton & Company, New York, 2004.