Obstetrics, Andrology and artificial insemination
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course aims to enable the student to know and to understand the essential elements of etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of major pathological conditions of veterinary interest, also in order to allow the student the ability to use the knowledge and understanding gained in identifying the patient's problems related to the condition of animals suffering from the disease of interest obstetrics-gynecology and to prepare an appropriate care plan showing communication skills and learnig skills. In addition, the course aims to provide students with the basis of the manual to be carried out to perform in vitro fertilization and a collection of semen with an artificial vagina in the equine species, introduce students to the knowledge of the basis for the reproductive management of herds in several species and small animals making judgements.
Course contents summary
General aspects of obstetrics and artificial insemination in domestic animals. The student must acquire the ability to apply knowledge of the etiology, symptomatology, pathophysiology of the reproductive system, and diagnostic techniques designed to provide the tools for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of different animal species.
Pregnancy in farm animals: cow, horse, pig.
Pregnancy in small animal: dog and cat.
Diseases and complications during late gestation: fetal mummification, maceration fetal hydrops of fetal membranes, alterations in placental function.
The delivery in domestic animals
Maternal and fetal dystocia. Assistance (manual, instrumental drug).
The afterbirth in various species. Cause and treatment in the retention of the placenta.
Control to prevent post-partum utero-ovarian diseases and ensure good recovery of reproductive function in livestock.
PATHOLOGY OF REPRODUCTION AND ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION
Historical notes on gynecology (teriogenology) veterinary and artificial insemination.
Sexuality and reproduction in domestic animals.
Fertility control and management breeding of livestock.
Behavioral aspects in male and female sexuality, control of oestrus and pregnancy and treatment with gonadotropic hormones.
Clinical evaluation of male and female genital tract (clinical, ultrasound, endoscopy, hormone assays).
Techniques of semen collection, evaluation of semen, fresh, chilled, frozen in various species.
Insemination techniques in various species
Ostetricia JONES E., JOSHUA J.: Reproductive Clinical Problems in the dog. MARUSI A.: Nozioni di ostetricia e ginecologia nella cavalla. Step Ed., Parma. McENTEE K.: Reproductive Pathology of domestic mammals. Academic Press. RICHTER J., GOETZE R.: Ostetricia Veterinaria. Ed. italiana a cura di O. Oliva, Grasso, Bologna. Patologia della riproduzione e F.A. ARTHUR G.H.: Ostetricia e riproduzione degli animali domestici. Ed. italiana di M. Mastronardi e P. Minoia. CHRISTIANSEN LB.J: La riproduzione nel cane e nel gatto. Ed. italiana Ernes ED., 1987. LAWRENCE T.L.J., FLOWER V.R.: Growth of farm animals. Cab Intern Ed., 1997. MARUSI A., FASOLI F., FURLATTINI V.: L'inseminazione strumentale negli uccelli domestici. Grafiche Step Ed. MARUSI A.: Dal Bos primigenius alla Transgenic Cow. Multimedia Ed. MARUSI A.: Note di riproduzione equina. A.P.A. Ed., Parma. PEREZ Y PEREZ: Riproduzione animale: inseminazione artificiale e trapianto embrionale. Piccin Ed. SALI G.: Manuale di teriogenologia bovina
slide power point. The course will be completed and accompanied by individual exercises and practices, with the aim of providing the opportunity for each student to be able to measure the dexterity related to the gynecological clinic visit and techniques of artificial insemination, collection and evaluation of semen of animals and the 'use of diagnostic instrumentation (ultrasonography).
Assessment methods and criteria