ELEMENTS OF NORMAL HUMAN ANATOMY
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course has the aim to allow the student the knowledge and comprehension of structural cytology of human body organs and topography in apparatus with specific function. This learning comes with cytological, histological and molecular biology knowledge and allows to understand physiological and pathological data.
Course contents summary
The topics of the lessons are morphologic aspects of human body divided in different apparati and systems:scheleton and muscle apparatus, cardiovascular apparatus, digestive system, respiratory system, uro-genytal system, endocrine system, linphatic, immunitary system and central and peripherical nervous system.
Cardiovascular system:blood vessels structure;thoracic cavity;mediastinum;general cardiac organization;cardiac size,shape and external features;cardiac chambers and internal features;architecture of the myocardium;pulmonary trunk;aorta system;superior and inferior vena cava systems.Lymphoid cells and tissue.Respiratory system:structural and microstructural features of the upper and lower respiratory tract (Larynx,Trachea and Bronchi,Lungs,Pleurae). Alimentary system:general features of oral cavity, pharynx,oesophagus,stomach,small intestine,large intestine;abdominal regions;peritoneum;microstructure of gut wall;structure and microstructure of salivary glands,liver and pancreas.Urinary systems:general features of kidney,ureteres,urinary bladder;renal microstructure.Reproductive system:reproductive organs of the male:general features of testis and epididymes;microstructure of the testis;reproductive organs of the females:general features of ovaries,uterine tubes and uterus;microstructures of ovary and uterus. Nervous system:cytology of the nervous system.Regional organization of the cerebral nervous system:Spinal medulla or cord,Medulla oblongata,Pons,Cerebellum,Mesencephalon,Diencephalon, Telencephalon (paleo,archi,neocortex,basal nuclei),Cranial nerves,Cervical,Brachial,Lumbar,Sacral Plexus,General organization of autonomic nervous system.
The course is developed by frontal lessons with the help of a large amount of images. Morever, pratical lessons on anatomical plastics and with optical microscopy.
Assessment methods and criteria
The ability of learning, presentation and correlation of various human body apparati is tested on oral examination. Student ability on presenting topics and general arguments with appropriate language is taken into consideration. In order to develop these features, few meeting on specific topics are scheduled.