ANATOMY AND HISTOLOGY
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Knowledge and understanding.
Students need learn the fundaments of the structure and component of the anatomy of the different organs in the adult;
Applying knowledge and understanding
Students must use acquired knowledge to recognize gross anatomy, position of organs in anatomical models.
Ability to reason about the correlation between structure and function of an organ.
Ability to understand and be understood in technical situations
Ability to summarize a scientific paper published on anatomy journal and to write a scientific progress report
The course is designed to give the students the methods for studying the morphological organization of the human body with special emphasis on those areas of major professional interest.
Course contents summary
First lessons: organization of the human body, terminology and plans
body. Concept of organs, apparatus and system.
the following lessons: description and composition of the main systems.
Locomotor apparatus. Structural Organization (cytological and molecular) of the Bone, Cartilage and Muscular tissue. Generality on the bones and on the joints. Trunk: spinal column, vertebrae, joints and muscles of the chest.
Circulatory apparatus: the heart (outdoor config, in-house config, structure of the heart, and of the cardiac valves), auriculoventricular valves. Arteries (lay-out of the arteries, arteries of the pulmonary circulation and the general circulation). General organization of the lymphatic circulatory apparatus. Functional and molecular anatomy of the blood-forming organs (bone marrow) and lymphoid organs (thyme, spleen and lymph nodes).
Digestive apparatus. General organization: mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach. Stomach, slim intestine, duodeno, crass intestine. The Liver and the Bilious Tracts. The Pancreas and the pancreatic tracts. The Peritoneum.
Respiratory apparatus. General Organization: Larynx, Trachea, Bronchuses and Bellows. The mechanics of the respiration.
Urinary apparatus. The macroscopic and the microscopic anatomy of the kideny. Molecular and microscopic anatomy of the nephron.
Endosecretory apparatus. General organization. Hypothalamus nucleuses and the neurosecretion. hypophysis. Thyroid and parathyroids. Adrenal glands. The testicles and the ovaries.
Oral lesson, lectures. Practical lesson and direct experience on anatomical models
Assessment methods and criteria
The assessment of the achievement of the objectives of the course consists of an oral examination. Through questions about the contents of the course will be determined whether the student has achieved the goal of knowledge and understanding of the content.