Learning outcomes of the course unit
Basic anatomical terminology and knowledege of human body organization including main physiological functions
The aim of the course is the knowledge of the anatomical terms and the human body organization: locomotor system, angiology, respiratory system, alimentary system, endocrine glands, nervous system, urogenital system.
Students must possess basic and fundamental notions of Anatomy, cell and tissue biology and biochemistry of the organs and systems which are the topic of this part of the course.
Course contents summary
Locomotor system: bone, muscles and joints. Cardiovascular system: heart, pericardium, blood and lymphatic vessels, limphnodes, spleen. Digestive system: oral cavity and salivary glands, farinx, esophagous, stomach, small and large bowel, liver, gall bladder and biliary tract, pancreas, peritoneum. Respiratory system: superior and inferior air tracts, lungs and pleura. Urinary system: kidney (macro and microscopic anatomy), ureteres, bladder and urethra. Endocrine system: morphofuncitonal anatomy of endocrine glands. Male and female genital system: (macro and microscopic anatomy). General organization of the central (medulla, encephalon) and peripheral (spinal and cranial nerves) system. Sensory and motor pathways.
General features about tissues, skeleton, skeletal muscles, joints. Angiology: heart and systemic and pulmonary circulation. Lymphatic system: lymph nodes, thymus and spleen. General features of human body system: respiratory system (larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs); alimentary system (oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine, liver, pancreas and peritoneum); urogenital system; endocrine glands. General features about the central nervous system (encephalon and spinal cord)and peripheral nervous system (cranial and spinal nerves). Sensitivity and pyramidal pathways.
1)Physiology of the central nervous system:
- Basic anatomy and functional properties of neurons.
-Synapses and receptors.
-Sensory organs and receptors.
-Organization of the somatosensory system.
-Organization of the motor system.
-Organization of motor and somatosensory cortices. Somatotopy.
2) Physiology of the cardiovascular system:
- Miocardial properties: rhythm, conduction, excitability, contraction.
- Heart electrophysiology. Ionic theories of resting and action potentials.
- Heart mechanics and the cardiac cycle.
- Cardiac output.
- Intrinsic and extrinsic regulation of heart activity.
- The vascular system.
- Blood pressure
3) Physiology of the respiratory apparatus:
- Chest and respiration muscles.
- Lung volumes and capacities.
- Mechanics of breathing.
- Blood-tissue gas exchange in the lung and in peripheral tissues.
- Blood transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide.
4) Physiology of Renal Function:
- The kidney: structural and functional properties. Kidney vascularization.
- Glomerular filtration.
- Tubular functions.
Anatomia dell'Uomo 2° ed. (Ambrosi et al.) Ed. Edi-Ermes;
Anatomia dell'Uomo 2° ed. (Ambrosi et al.) Ed. Edi-Ermes
Assessment methods and criteria
written test with multiple choices