OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND RADIOPROTECTION
LEARNING OUTCOMES OF THE COURSE UNIT
Understanding the meaning of risk and of health risk factor; ability in identifying the possible health risk in the work environment. Knowledge about the main hazards in the health care structures. Knowing the possible impact of the organization on professional's health. Basic knowledge about the accident and occupational diseases prevention. Knowing the effects of ionizing radiations and the basic principles of protection (PPE, working practices; health surveillance).
COURSE CONTENTS SUMMARY
1)Italian Legislation on workers' safety and health protection; the active role of workers in prevention of occupational accidents and occupational diseases.
2) Risk factors and working activity: hazard and risk; personal protective equipments; work illnesses and work-related diseases; hazards and risks in the Health care System.
3)Exposure to biological agents (bio-hazards)at workplace; exposure-prone procedures and the personal protective equipment.
4)Chemical risks: (i) drugs, cleaners, disinfectants; (ii) antineoplastic drugs; (iii) gaseous anesthetics. Allergies to chemicals and devices.
5)Ergonomics of health care work; manual material handling and manual patients handling. The organization as a possible health risk factor; work-related stress.
6) Occupational exposure to ionizing radiations; technical and medical prevention.
7)The health surveillance for health care professionals; preventive and periodical medical examination.
Slides from classroom lessons
ASSESSMENT METHODS AND CRITERIA
Written test and/or oral examination
Frontal lessons with A-V devices support and classroom discussion
1)Definition of Health and Determinants of health and disease
a Methods in epidemiology
b Elements of demography
2)General epidemiology of communicable diseases
a Reservoir and Source of the infection
b Modes of transmission
3)Some epidemiological aspects of non-communicable diseases
4)The levels of prevention (Primary, Secondary and Tertiary)
5)General Prevention of communicable diseases
b Diagnostic assessment
c Isolation and quarantine
g Active immunization
h Passive immunization
6)General Prevention of non-communicable diseases
a The methodology of screening
7)Highlights in communicable disease prevention
a TBC, Influenza, meningitides and measles
b Hepatitis A
c Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and HIV-AIDS
8)Highlights in non-communicable disease prevention
a Cancer disease
c Cardiovascular disease
a Food and water-borne disease
b Water as a vehicle of infection (pollution and disinfection)
10)Healthcare associated infections and environmental opportunistic pathogens