Learning outcomes of the course unit
Knowledge: the aim of the course is to introduce the student to the study of the chemistry. The theoretical treatment of the fundamental aspects is coupled with exercises and, after a safety training, with laboratory experiments aimed to put in practice the treated arguments.
Knowledge and applied comprehension: the course supplies the basic concepts to predict and interpretate the chemical behavior of the matter.
Learning ability: the course supplies the methodological instruments and the basic language of chemistry, allowing to deal with specific basic and advanced texts.
Communication ability: the student acquires the technical language that is necessary to communicate correctly complex arguments and to discuss with specialists.
Independent judgment: the student is stimulated to recognize connections among the treated arguments in order to develop an independent judgment ability based on the acquired skills.
Course contents summary
Fundamentals of atomic and molecular theory. Matter and classification. Elements. Chemical equations. Atomic mass, molecular mass and isotopic mass. Mole and Avogadro's number.Chemical reactions and equations. Stoichiometry.
Atom structure. Hydrogen atom. Polyelectronic atoms. Periodicity of electron configurations. Periodic properties.
Chemical bond. Ionic bond. Covalent bond. Lewis structural formula. VSEPR theory. Molecular orbital (MO) and valence bond (VB) theories. Bond polarity and electronegativity. Hybrid orbitals. Metallic bond.
Gas state. Ideal and real gases. Liquid state. General properties. Solid state. Crystal simmetry and crystal lattices. Polymorphismus and isomorphismus.
Solution properties. Concentration. Raoult's law. Colligative properties. Osmotic pressure.
Chemical thermodynamics. Equilibrium. State functions. Principles of thermodynamics. Molar heat. Entalpy and entropy. Free energy and spontaneous process. Chemical equilibrium. Equilibrium constant. Phase rule. State diagrams. Ionic equilibria and solubility. Structure-properties relationships in acids and bases. Water ionization and pH. Buffer solutions.
Electrochemistry. Ionic conductivity. Faraday's laws. Electrolitic cells. Galvanic cells. Reduction potertials. Reference electrodes.
Chemical kinetics. Reaction order. Catalysis.
INORGANIC CHEMISTRY. General properties of groups. Properties of the elements of blocks s and p. General properties of the elements of block d.
PRACTICE EXERCISES on arguments of general chemistry.
"Chimica Generale", Zanichelli
"Fondamenti di chimica", EdiSES
Zanello, Mangani, Valensin
"Le basi della chimica", C.E. Ambrosiana
"Fondamenti di chimica", C.E. Ambrosiana
lectures, exercises and experimentations
Assessment methods and criteria