The biomolecules and the supramolecular complexes. The protoplasm: structure, energetics and functional aspects. The extracellular matrix: structure and function. The animal cell as chemical and physical environment. The cell organelles and apparati: morphological and functional aspects. The cell cycle and the mechanisms of cell replication. Basic knowledge on staminal cells and differentiated cells. Cell populations.
Somatic cells: morphological and functional aspects of the differentiated cytotypes. Germ cells. Tissues.