Learning outcomes of the course unit
The general objective of the course is to provide the students with:
- the fundamental concepts of chemistry to better understand the properties of matter, starting from the structure of atoms and molecules;
- useful basis for understanding, at a molecular level, the complex chemical processes inside the cell and in the metabolic pathways.
In particular, the aim is to bring the students into the knowledge and understanding of:
- the principles that regulate the compounds reactivity;
- bonds breaking or formation and the related energy exchange;
- the electron transfer;
- the kinetics of chemical reactions and the dynamic chemical equilibrium;
- the structure and properties of inorganic and organic compounds as well as of biological macromolecules;
- the properties of solutions and the equilibria in aqueous solutions;
- the properties of acids, bases, salts and buffers.
The chemistry of organic compounds and of biological macromolecules is described in a proper way to better understand the physiological and biochemical processes.
Course contents summary
General and Inorganic Chemistry
Introduction and atomic structure
Periodic trends in the chemical properties of the elements
Inorganic chemical compounds
Chemical equilibrium is a dynamic process.
Stoichiometric calculations. Balancing chemical equations.
Oxidation state and oxidation number; balancing ox-red reactions.
Chemistry exercises: concentrations of solutions, pH calculation of aqueous solutions containing different compounds, colligative properties.
Hybrid orbitals of carbon. Molecular and structural formulas. T
Alcohols and phenols
Structure, classification and nomenclature. Physical and chemical properties; the acid-base behaviour. Characteristic reactions. Formation of ethers.
Aldehydes and ketones
Esters: nomenclature and properties; mechanism of the ester basic hydrolysis (saponification).
Bettelheim, Brown, Campbell, Farrel
Chimica e Propedeutica Biochimica
Chimica di base per le scienze della vita
Antonio Delfino Editore
(2 volumi: Chimica generale e Chimica organica)
A. Albertini, M. Avitabile, U. Benatti, V. Boido, F. Guerrieri, G. Liut, L. Masotti, A. Spisni
Harold Hart, Leslie E. Craine, David. J. Hart
Lectures notes are provided by the teacher
Metodo di Insegnamento: Frontal lectures.
Metodo di Valutazione: Written examination followed by oral test.
Assessment methods and criteria
Written examination followed by oral test.